POLS 3400 Week 3 Lecture Notes
POLS 3400 Week 3 Lecture Notes POLS 3400
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christen King on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 3400 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. John Antonio Pascarella in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see International Politics in Political Science at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
Week 3 (1/26-1/28/16) Terms Word Associations Concepts Hobbes Aristotle Chaotic Political Animals Universe is random matter in motion Meant to live in community War is inevitable Open on form Absolute government Justice via reasoned speech No justice by nature Force makes laws stick Words mean nothing unless we agree they mean something Aristotle’s Politics The City: The City is complete when it is “self-sufficient;” this is the “end” (telos) and the nature of the city The City comes into being for the sake of living and living well Humans Household/family Village City Aristotle calls humans “political animals” that tend not to be solitary We possess “reasoned speech” (logos. remember the John 1 example from class: “In the beginning was the word (logos)”) Some pairs of emotions that Aristotle points out about humans are: We voice what is painful/pleasant We voice what is advantageous/harmful We voice what is just/unjust We have “sense perception” (remember the 5 senses) of what is good/bad Aristotle calls whomever lives outside the city either a beast or a god i.e. it is impossible to live without community successfully Aristotle said the “great goodness” of community + “law and right perfect humans” is a way to provide for “prudence and virtue” This is necessary for governing reasoned speech (no freedom of speech in Aristotle’s politics!) The State of Nature (Hobbes) Equality The weak and the strong have an equal chance of killing each other Everybody thinks that they are smarter than the next guy Diffidence (i.e. distrust) Everybody has the equal hope of achieving one’s own personal end When two people desire the same thing, there is inevitable conflict Competition Gain Diffidence Safety Glory Reputation The State of Nature is a state of War. Creating the Commonwealth Within the commonwealth all individuals must: Submit their will to a single authority, which could be either a single individual or an assembly Surrender all governing to the individual or the authority (this is known as The Soveriegn) 2 ways to institute governance: Natural force: designated commonwealth by acquisition Agreement: designated “political commonwealth” (think your local voting poll) Realism and Neorealism Realism is an approach to IR focusing on power, security, and state interests There are two schools within realism Classical Realism (Natural) Neorealism (Structural) Realist Assumptions The primary actors in realism are states States pursue power and the ability to protect themselves States also impose their will on other actors (BIG BULLIES) Power is zero sum – this means that no state can gain complete power without another state losing power Power cannot be shared or equally distributed (remember the Skittles example) Power advanced thru interests – the means of power This usually comes through military or economic means The international system is usually defined by anarchy Anarchy – without a centralized government Balance of Power – distribution of power within the international system Within the international system, there exists foreign policy Foreign Policy War Alliance Coalitions (groups of states being brought together) Economic & Military development/diplomacy Realists advocate for the use of force. Realpolitik – (orig. German) foreign policy that pursues power and uses its power to threaten the people (i.e. Nazi Germany)
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