Class Note for TRAD 104 at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
TRAD 104 Spring 2006 Discussion Section Justice amp Virtue TA Will Braynen April 14 2006 wwwuarizonaeduwaraynentradl04 RELIGIOUS TOLERATION 1 Religious Wars 1 The French Wars of Religion 15621598 Civil Wars a Catholics vs Protestants Huguenots b St Bartholomew Day Massacre etc c Ends with Henry IV s which Louis XIV revoked in 1685 2 Phillip II of Spain ghts Turkey then the Netherlands then England 15561598 3 The Thirty Years War 1618 1648 European World War a Germany The Holy Roman Empire 360 autonomous states b in 1648 2 John Locke s Letter Concerning Toleratz39on 1689 written in Latin in Holland 1 The government should only protect civil interests 2 The government should not endorse a religion because it thinks it right 3 But people NOT in of cial capacity can e g Louis XIV or James II as a man not as a ruler 4 Religions that do not however should be made illegal Personal Liberty vs Public Power and State Power 3 John Stuart Mill s argument in chapter IV Of the Limits to the Authority of Society over the Individual of his On Liberty pp969970 in your text 1 Public interference with personal conduct will probably be done wrongly 2 On social morality duty to others public opinion the public though often wrong is more likely to be right because it 3 But the opinion of a similar majority imposed as a law on the minority on questions of self regarding conduct is a just as likely to be right as wrong equal odds b is at best paternalistic c but most likely is simply an expression of the majority s preferences 4 Offense doesn t count Consider the following analogy a Person s opinion or taste i another s offense at his holding it b Owner s desire to keep his purse i a thief s desire to take it 5 An ideal public would forbid only conduct which universal experiences has condemned and would leave freedom of choice to the individual in all uncertain matters However a b Nor does it In its interferences with personal conduct it is seldom thinking of anything but the enormity of acting or feeling differently from itself Mill p970 enormity means c Usually the public simply thinks about how immoral or improper or outrageous it is to act or feel differently than it does 6 Philosophy and religion teach us that a Something is right because b And that it is hence 7 And so the public imposes their own feelings of good and evil on everyone else This is an example of what s known as
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