SOCI 101 2nd week of lecture notes
SOCI 101 2nd week of lecture notes SOCI 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Potter on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 101 at Towson University taught by Ingrid Pfoertsch in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 116 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Towson University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
SOCI 101 Lecture 2 Notes▯ ▯ Early Sociologist▯ 1. Auguste Comte▯ 2. Harriet Martineau ▯ 3. Herbert Spencer - Social Darwinism▯ August Comte▯ Comte coined the term sociology ▯ • • Believed in rationality, reason, utopian, hope▯ • Believed poverty, suicide and crime would one day be eliminated▯ Harriet Martineau▯ • did some sociological work on americans culture▯ Herbert Spencer▯ • Embraced the idea on Social Darwinism: Survival of the ﬁttest▯ • Believed that in any society there is structural movement that the best will rise to top and the worst will remain at the bottom▯ • The wealthy people liked him because he justiﬁed their position in society and they did not need to feel guilty▯ • Andrew Carnage loved him, he was born extremely poor and wanted to proved resources for the poor so they could rise to the top like he did.▯ ▯ 3 Founding Fathers▯ 1. Marx (mid 1800s) - Conﬂict theory▯ 2. Durkheim (late 1800s - early 1900s) - Structural Functionalism ▯ 3. Weber (late 1800s - early 1900s)▯ ▯ Marx▯ • Was extremely poor and wanted to create a perfect society▯ • He rejected social darwinism▯ • Modern Notion: History is Progress▯ • Conﬂict Theory: There will always be conﬂict between the rich and the poor▯ The wealthy want to maintain their wealth at all cost▯ • • The poor want some of the wealth▯ • Haves VS Have Nots▯ • He sees all of social world for haves to control their economic advantage▯ • Created ﬁrst sociology textbook▯ • Saw himself as an anthropologist ▯ ▯ Durkheim▯ • Saw himself as a political scientist ▯ • He was interested in why people committed suicide▯ • Social Solidarity: How much stability and connection people feel to each other (support) ▯ • Found that in societies where there is greater social solidarity the suicide rates are decreased▯ He wondered that as the world becomes more complicated how do we ﬁnd shared meaning • and understanding?▯ ▯ Weber▯ • Most important sociologist▯ • He is German▯ • His work is a dialogue with Marx▯ In his dialogue with Marx he brings up Power▯ • • Marx says that all power comes from money▯ • Weber says that there are 3 components of power:▯ • Class: Money▯ • Status: Social Esteem▯ • Party: Political▯ • He disagreed with marx on a lot of things▯ Value Free Sociology: understanding the world for what it is and not what you want it to be▯ • • Wrote “Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism”▯ • Believed that religion inﬂuences a societies structure ▯ • Made a huge emphasis on the Individual▯ • Believed that in order for capitalism to occur protestantism is necessary▯ ▯ How do you achieve stability and balance?▯ • Marx says there is inherent conﬂict in society ▯ • Stability is not necessarily a good thing▯ • Status qo is not a good thing▯ • Conﬂict is good because the resolution over time will be utopia▯ • He wants stability over time▯ • Durkheim says stability is good▯ He wants to know how to create more ▯ • • He wants stability now▯ • Wondered what social structures created stability?▯ • Why is nuclear family most dominant?▯ • We need family to be mobile to move whenever jobs come▯ • In post war 2 husband could earn enough to take care of the whole family▯ • The social structures that we have in society are the way they are because they are the most functional and best for stability▯