SOCI 101 3rd week of lecture notes
SOCI 101 3rd week of lecture notes SOCI 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Potter on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 101 at Towson University taught by Ingrid Pfoertsch in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Towson University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
SOCI 101 Lecture 3▯ ▯ Difference between Marx and Durkheim▯ -Durkheim thinks that the modern world is so different. ▯ ▯ -He wonders how society is going to stay together▯ ▯ -Structure to not have anarchy and chaos?▯ ▯ -The present is so different from the past▯ - Marx doesn't look at the past as being so wonderful. He wants there to be so much chaos that there is a revolution▯ - Marx is interested in social change, believes that status qo is a problem▯ - Durkheim looks at social change as problematic but is not against it, he thinks status qo is more reliable ▯ - Durkheim believes that the wealthy are wealthy because of what they contribute to society▯ - ex. Working at Mc Donalds VS Neuroscientist▯ ▯ Scientiﬁc Method▯ 1. Identify general topic / question▯ 2. Review Literatutre▯ 3. Formulate testable hypothesis▯ 4. Select research design▯ ▯ A. Survey research▯ ▯ B. Observation (Participant -OB)▯ ▯ C. Experiment▯ ▯ D. Analysis (Content of historical)▯ 5. Conduct study - Collect Data▯ 6. Analyze Data▯ 7. Develop conclusion▯ ▯ Dependent Variable is affected by change in independent variable ▯ ▯ Surveys▯ 1. In person - phone▯ 2. Impersonal - mail, computer▯ Pros of survey: has a lot of reach ( a lot of people)▯ Cons of survey: really expensive, may constrain peoples answers ▯ ▯ Observation▯ 1. Strict: Watching them without them knowing you’re there▯ 2. Participant: Become part of the scene in which you’re observing▯ Pros of Observation: Very cheap▯ Cons of Observation: Very time consuming▯ ▯ Experiment▯ -Stanley Milgram came up with understanding authoritarian command.▯ -Had a man in a lab room▯ ▯ Analyses▯ Content: done with cultural products, counting the absence of things. ▯ ▯ ex. Analyses of Super Bowl adds, women vs mens bodies being objectiﬁed or count ▯ ▯ american ﬂags▯ Historical: looking at historical records. Looking at how things are now VS. in the past▯ ▯ ex. use historical documents to look at how people where in the past, read letters people ▯ wrote▯ ▯ Causal and Correlation▯ Causal: Variable X change cause change in variable Y▯ ▯ Ex. Increase in teen sex causes increase in teen pregnancy ▯ Correlation does NOT equal causation▯ Correlation can occur because of 4 things:▯ 1. X causes Y▯ 2. Y causes X▯ 3. X and Y are both changing because of Z▯ 4. No causation▯ ▯