History week 1
History week 1 HIS 203
Popular in Hist of U.S. Since 1865
INSY 3304 - 002
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Popular in History
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Darlene Franklin on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 203 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by William B Murphy (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Hist of U.S. Since 1865 in History at State University of New York at Oswego.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
Week 1 History of US of 1865 Why did the civil war happen Americans disagree about whether the confederate flag is a symbol of racism or of southern pride Southern states seceded from the US December 1860 April 1861 They claimed they have created a new country First shots of the war were fired by the south Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter US army fort Federal Gov t and Abraham Lincoln states did not have the power to secede Very intense debate Early stages of war the north is fighting to preserve the union and for no other reason The southern seceded out of fear that they may be abolished from slavery Confederate ag is the souths battle ag Flag meant White supremacy and that only whites were better than the blacks Flag was created by William T Thompson 1 Accumulation of decades long dispute over slavery that almost destroyed the union on several separate occasions I The Missouri crisis 18191821 I The Nullification crisis 18281833 I The California crisis 1850 I Bleeding Kansas 18541856 All of these were undeniably about slavery War was about slavery But the union did not go to war to end it the south went to preserve it After November 1862 the union was also fighting to end slavery But this was a political and diplomatic manover by Lincoln whose main interest was also saving the union After the Emancipation Proclamation union forces were under orders to free all slaves they encountered Union victory would mean the end of slavery forever The 13th amendment freed 4000000 slaves Reconstruction Americans unfinished revolution 1863 1877 Lincoln began planning for reconstruction in 1863 Union control had been reassigned in states like Tennessee and Louisiana 10 plan 10 of southern voters must swear loyalty oath to the union they elect new states and Gov t States must Ratify 13th amendment Rebel leaders can apply to Lincoln s parlament Southern states will then be allowed to elect members of congress Week 1 History of US of 1865 Flaws of Lincoln s plan I Republicans were to lenient I North wanted to punish the south I Lincoln no clear plan for former slaves I April 12 1865 extended voting rights to black men Lincoln s Assassination April 141865 0 Fords Theater Washington DC Booth Planned to assassinate president Lincoln VP Andrew Johnson and secretary of state William Seward 0 Lincoln was shot and killed Johnson killer got scared and never did it Seward ws stabbed in the chest but because of his back brace he lived AJ becomes President Reconstruction falls to him A political struggle I Most white southemers were democrats I Democratic was more established I Republican was new est 1854 Only in north I Many democrats in the north but war gave republican the upper hand for the first time
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