Art History 252, Week 2
Art History 252, Week 2 ARH 252
Popular in Art History
Popular in Art
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Anna Dietz in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Art History in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for Art History 252, Week 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/28/16
Week 2 Notes Paleolithic Period, Old Stone Age c. 30,000 BC – 9,000 BC Nomadic people: hunters and gatherers o No set communities but revisited the same spots over a period of time Around 30,000 BCE… o First saw representational and intentional artwork o Burst of creativity All Figures correlate to the textbook. Figure 1-4 Medium: ivory tusk Human body with a feline head representation of a composite creature Height: 1 foot and 6 in. Sculptures had to be small to travel with Hard to make o Had to take tusk from a mammoth o Used stone burin for the details “Incise” the details Figure 1-5 Freestanding (sculpture in the round): carved on all sides The name “Venus” is misleading o Venuses came from when archeologists found a host of different female-form sculptures Medium: limestone Height: 4 in. Maybe a fetish object?? o Fertility object: exaggerated female part No facial features Figure 1-6 Height: 1’ 6’’ Relief: project out from a surface Stationary Medium: limestone Horn o Not sure of the meaning behind it No facial feature Exaggerated female form Hand on womb Figure 1-7 Medium: Clay Length: 2’ Additive process, instead of subtraction Sculpted by hand Represented in profile o Common during this time Figure 1-8 Medium: reindeer antler Head of bison has been turned to keep profile view o Cleaning his flank, gives a bit of humor Burin used for details Figure 1-9 Cave painting found predominantly in southern France Cave in Altamira, Spain was the first to be found o Discovered by an amateur archeologist and his daughter All figures shown in profile view, but none of the figures are related o No story It was painted by multiple people over a long period of time o Span over 1,000 years The Vézère Valley Most cave paintings have been found in this region 150 prehistoric sites From this valley, people had good hunting views and good shelter Figure 1-10 Representation of spotted horses Negative hand prints o Take pigment, put it in their mouth mix with saliva, spit it on the wall o Maybe signature for a group Lascaux Cave, France Discovered in the 1940s by 4 teenagers 1963, the French government closed the cave to tourists Lascaux II is a replica open to the public, Lascaux III is a traveling exhibition Figure 1-11 Hall of Bulls Outline are color profiles Different scales, different species, and different directions Produced by different people over thousands of years Chauvet Cave, France, Figure 1-11 Iconic, discovered in 1994 Looked so freshly done that some people thought they were fake More naturalistic at Chauvet than Lascaux The rhinos that are fighting give a narrative o First time seeing a narrative with the cave paintings Lascaux Chauvet Twisted perspective Naturalistic 15,000 BCE 30,000 BCE Conceptual descriptive Had a narrative story behind approach to representation the figures Neolithic Period c. 8,000 BCE – 2,00 BCE This period is marked by agriculture o People went from hunters and gatherers to more settled communities Because of more settlement, it was the birth of monumental sculpture and architecture Jericho Mud brick houses Town become increasingly prosperous; organized a force to protect themselves o A circuit wall was built around Jericho with at least one tower Tower: 30’ in diameter and 30’ in height Had very advanced architecture for protection for this time Figure 1-14, Head from Jericho People of Jericho would behead their dead, plaster copies of the skulls and recreated details in order to worship their ancestors o Very sophisticated process Çatal Höyük Turkey, 6,000 BCE No big wall like at Jericho o Holes in the roof of their houses o The structures/ houses are their own defense Houses o Very different for the time, different rooms for different purposes Wall Painting at Çatal Höyük Actually prepared the walls before painting Some animal and human figures and some handprints Figure 1-16 The wall was prepared Very different from the Paleolithic Period Paleolithic vs. Neolithic Paleolithic Period, Lascaux o No humans, just animal figures o Over a span of time and produces by a lot of people o There is no narrative Neolithic Period, Çatal Höyük o Had both hum and animal figures o Done at a specific time o Tells a story of a deer hunt o Represented in composite views Megalithic Architecture in Western Europe Figure 1-18, 1-19, 1-19A Passage way to graves Large stones to create spaces Different kinds of structures ~4,000 years after Jericho Carnac, France, ca. 3,300 BCE Big stones in alignment Some relationship with the cosmos or ancestors Standing, menhirs (standing stones) Varying in height Figure 1-20, Stonehenge, 2,500 – 1,600 BCE “henge” – circular image of stone o Specific to this site, seen no where else Stonehenge Hidden Landscape Project o Advance, stealth project to preserve and discover more information about the area Believed to be constructed in 3 stages over 1,000 years Construction and Design o Post and lintel o Trilithon: 3 stone construction Created a doorway o The smaller stones were brought all the way over from Wales o Diameter: 97’ o Trilithons: highest is 27’ Tongue and groove o Makes everything fit and is one of the reason that it has lasted so long More pristine surface when it was created Function and Significance o Funeral site, cremation?? o Center of healing o Had festivals Organization of workforce was needed to create Stonehenge Chapter 2: Mesopotamia and Persia “Land between the rivers” 3,000BCE o Hospitable for civilization Sumer Divided in to city-states o Community oriented Religion important o Polytheistic Rulers not considered to be divine, unlike in Egypt Actually engaged in trade o Lacked certain natural resources Writing o Simplified pictograms Figure 2-2, White Temple Tempers on ziggurats o Platform where the temple stood o To bring the temple closer to the heavens 40’ in height Temple not for everyone, just a few people, so it was a small building In the heart of the city Corners of the temple pointed to the corners of a compass Cella o The heart of the temple o It was the room for the Divinity Figure 2-4, Inanna Goddess of love and war Marble head Holes in side and top used to attach the head to wooden sculpture Eyes and brow inlaid with bright shells or stones Had a wig for hair Figure draped in a nice costume Figure 2-5 Vase Very significant Sculpted all the way around, coherent narrative o Read bottom to top o Learned a lot form the vases
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'