Class Note for POL 231 at UA
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.
Reviews for Class Note for POL 231 at UA
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/06/15
Judiciary and Political Parties Court rulings on rights of parties Parties and selection of judges Political party influence on judges decisions Court Rulings on Parties Supreme Court can and does avoid rulings by referring to them as political questions Only accepts 5 of cases Avoided reapportionment until 19605 In recent years upheld many rights of parties Presidential Nomination Rules Cousins v Wigoda 1974 2 competing delegations from Illinois convention sat Cousins delegation that followed party rules rather than Wigoda delegation selected by state rules Court ruled for party s right to determine which delegation valid Presidential Nomination Rules Democratic Party of the United States v La Follette 1981 national party rules on closed primaries supercede state law on open primaries Rights of Party to Choose Primary Voters Tashjian v Republican Party of Connecticut 1986 party can invite independent voters Califomia Democratic Party v Jones 2000 blanket primary violates party s right to choose voters Organizational Rights of Parties Eu v San Francisco County Democratic Committee 1989 designated composition of party committees designated time and place of meetings designated requirements for holding party posts prohibited endorsements during primary Party and Judicial Appointments National Appointed by president confirmed by Senate Number ofjudicial slots vary by president Presidents appoint from own party Number of Supreme Court Appointments 01234567891011 1 Average2 Other Judicial Appointments About 50 judges per year Senate confirmation process Senatorial courtesy for district judges Hearing in Judiciary Committee Majority vote on Senate floor Most win by lopsided vote Partisan politics Speed at which appointments heard 90 from president s party 2005 battle overjudicial filibuster Percent of District and Appellate Court Judges from President s Party 100 c 90 80 7 7 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 z 39 396 395 5 s a a s a a e s E 2 e E a e E g e U 4 U M 1 Source Vital Statistics on American Potmes Table 7 6 Gender Race Ethnicity of US Court of Appeals Judges 1 I c any n Reagan I Bush I Clintnn Female White Black Latina Asian Source Judicamre MayJune 1997 p 269 Senate Rejections 29 out of 145 20 for Supreme Court Most 2229 before 1900 Recent Abe Fortas 1968 Johnson Clement Haynsworth Nixon G Harrold Carswell Nixon Robert Bork Reagan Senate Battle Clarence Thomas 1991 Bush legal record interest group involvement Anita Hill sexual harassment Equal Opportunity Commission Floor vote 52 for 48 against Samuel Alito 2006 GW Bush Filibuster failed Floor vote 58 for 42 against 1 Republican vote against 4 Democrats vote for Judicial Selection in the States Nonpartisan elections 13 Retention elections 17 AZ CA Partisan elections 9 Gubernatorial appointment 7 Legislative appointment 4 Several methods per state Vacancies often filled by governor Voting in Judicial Elections Often unopposed Voters know little about candidates Endorsements Partisan elections provide one voting cue Partisan In uence on Judicial Decisions Lowest courts little role mostly routine decisions Midlevel appeals courts mostly routine a few cases partisanship influence Partisan In uences on Supreme Court Not routine decisions No one interpretation of Constitution or laws 60 of cases dissenting opinions Decisions based on Precedent stare decisis Justices ideologypartisanship Ideological Orientation of Current Supreme Justices I Liberal Conservative I Appointed by President 39Ford ReagamReagan Reagan Reagan Bush quot r Bush 39 Clinton39Clinton Bush v Gore 2000 November 8 election mandatory recount November 21 Florida Supreme Court rules for more hand recounts December 4 US Supreme Court vacates Fl Supreme Court ruling amp send case back down for reconsideration Gore v Bush 2000 Gore v Bush 2000 December 8 FL Supreme Court 5 Kennedy O39Connor REhaniSt reinstates hand count Scalia Thomas December 12 US Supreme Court 5 RePUb39icanS reverses Florida Supreme Court 4 Breyer Ginsburg Souter Stevens December 13 Gore concedes only 2 Democrats Ford Bush appointees Erratic recount violate equal protection Not enough time forfull recount Public Opinion Public Opinion Reason 3 C Decision Fair Behind Court s Decision Unfar Eneman Faquot Want Bush Legal Merits Dnn39t Knnw President Public Opinion Bush Presidency Legitimate Nn Snmzwhzt Yes Dnn39tknnw
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'