Class Note for TRAD 104 at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
3141 Cecrops a son of the soil with a body compounded of man and serpent was the first king of Attica and the country which was formerly called Acte he named Cecropia after himselfm In his time they say the gods resolved to take possession of cities in which each of them should receive his own peculiar worship So Poseidon was the first that came to Attica and with a blow of his trident on the middle of the acropolis he produced a sea which they now call Erechtheism After him came Athena and having called on Cecrops to witness her act of taking possession she planted an olive tree which is still shown in the Pandrosiumm But when the two strove for possession of the country Zeus parted them and appointed arbiters not as some have affirmed Cecrops and Cranaus nor yet Erysichthon but the twelve godsm And in accordance with their verdict the country was adjudged to Athena because Cecrops bore witness that she had been the first to plant the olive Athena therefore called the city Athens after herself and Poseidon in hot anger flooded the Thriasian plain and laid Attica under the seam 3142 Cecrops married Agraulus daughter of Actaeus and had a son Erysichthon who departed this life childless and Cecrops had daughters Agraulus Herse and Pandrosusm Ag raulus had a daughter Alcippe by Ares In attempting to violate Alcippe Halirrhothius son of Poseidon and a nymph Euryte was detected and killed by Aresm Impeached by Poseidon Ares was tried in the Areopagus before the twelve gods and was acquittedm 3143 Herse had by Hermes a son Cephalus whom Dawn loved and carried offm and consorting with him in Syria bore a son Tithonus who had a son Phaethonm who had a son Astynous who had a son Sandocus who passed from Syria to Cilicia and founded a city Celenderis and having married Pharnace daughter of Megassares king of Hyria begat Cinyrasm This Cinyras in Cyprus whither he had come with some people founded Paphos and having there married Metharme daughter of Pygmalion king of Cyprus he begat Oxyporus and Adonism and besides them daughters Orsedice Laogore and Braesia These by reason of the wrath of Aphrodite cohabited with foreigners and ended their life in Egypt 3144 And Adonis while still a boy was wounded and killed in hunting by a boar through the anger of Artemism Hesiod however affirms that he was a son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea and Panyasis says that he was a son of Thias king of Assyriam who had a daughter Smyrna In consequence of the wrath of Aphrodite for she did not honor the goddess this Smyrna conceived a passion for her father and with the complicity of her nurse she shared her father39s bed without his knowledge for twelve nights But when he was aware of it he drew his sword and pursued her and being overtaken she prayed to the gods that she might be invisible so the gods in compassion turned her into the tree which they call smyrna myrrhm Ten months afterwards the tree burst and Adonis as he is called was born whom for the sake of his beauty while he was still an infant Aphrodite hid in a chest unknown to the gods and entrusted to Persephone But when Persephone beheld him she would not give him back The case being tried before Zeus the year was divided into three parts and the god ordained that Adonis should stay by himself for one part of the year with Persephone for one part and with Aphrodite for the remainderm However Adonis made over to Aphrodite his own share in addition but afterwards in hunting he was gored and killed by a boar 3145 When Cecrops died Cranaus came to the throneamp he was a son of the soil and it was in his time that the flood in the age of Deucalion is said to have taken place He married a Lacedaemonian wife Pedias daughter of Mynes and begat Cranae Menaechme and Atthis and when Atthis died a maid Cranaus called the country Atthis 3146 Cranaus was expelled by Amphictyonm who reigned in his stead some say that Amphictyon was a son of Deucalion others that he was a son of the soil and when he had reigned twelve years he was expelled by ErichthoniusM Some say that this Erichthonius was a son of Hephaestus and Atthis daughter of Cranaus and some that he was a son of Hephaestus and Athena as follows Athena came to Hephaestus desirous of fashioning arms But he being forsaken by Aphrodite fell in love with Athena and began to pursue her but she fled When he got near her with much ado for he was lame he attempted to embrace her but she being a chaste virgin would not submit to him and he dropped his seed on the leg of the goddess In disgust she wiped off the seed with wool and threw it on the ground and as she fled and the seed fell on the ground Erichthonius was producedm Him Athena brought up unknown to the other gods wishing to make him immortal and having put him in a chest she committed it to Pandrosus daughter of Cecrops forbidding her to open the chest But the sisters of Pandrosus opened it out of curiosity and beheld a serpent coiled about the babe and as some say they were destroyed by the serpent but according to others they were driven mad by reason of the anger of Athena and threw themselves down from the acropolis Having been brought up by Athena herself in the precinctM Erichthonius expelled Amphictyon and became king of Athens and he set up the wooden image of Athena in the acropolisamp and instituted the festival of the PanathenaeaM and married Praxithea a Naiad nymph by whom he had a son Pandion 3147 When Erichthonius died and was buried in the same precinct of Athenaamp Pandion became king in whose time Demeter and Dionysus came to Attica But Demeter was welcomed by Celeus at Eleusis and Dionysus by Icarius who received from him a branch of a vine and learned the process of making wine And wishing to bestow the god39s boons on men Icarius went to some shepherds who having tasted the beverage and quaffed it copiously without water for the pleasure of it imagined that they were bewitched and killed him but by dayamp they understood how it was and buried him When his daughter Erigone was searching for her father a domestic dog named Maera which had attended Icarius discovered his dead body to her and she bewailed her father and hanged herself 3148 Pandion married Zeuxippe his mother39s sisterm and begat two daughters Procne and Philomela and twin sons Erechtheus and Butes But war having broken out with Labdacus on a question of boundaries he called in the help of Tereus son of Ares from Thrace and having with his help brought the war to a successful close he gave Tereus his own daughter Procne in marriage Tereus had by her a son Itys and having fallen in love with Philomela he seduced her also saying that Procne was dead for he concealed her in the country Afterwards he married Philomela and bedded with her and cut out her tongue But by weaving characters in a robe she revealed thereby to Procne her own sorrows And having sought out her sister Procne killed her son Itys boiled him served him up for supper to the unwitting Tereus and fled with her sister in haste When Tereus was aware of what had happened he snatched up an axe and pursued them And being overtaken at Daulia in Phocis they prayed the gods to be turned into birds and Procne became a nightingale and Philomela a swallow And Tereus also was changed into a bird and became a hoopoe 3151 When Pandion died his sons divided their father39s inheritance between them and Erechtheus got the kingdomamp and Butes got the priesthood of Athena and Poseidon Erechtheusm Erechtheus married Praxithea daughter of Phrasimus by Diogenia daughter of Cephisus and had sons to wit Cecrops Pandorus and Metion and daughters to wit Procris Creusa Chthonia and Orithyia who was carried off by Boreas Chthonia was married to Butes Creusa to Xuthusm and Procris to Cephalus son of Deionm Bribed by a golden crown Procris admitted Pteleon to her bed and being detected by Cephalus she fled to Minos But he fell in love with her and tried to seduce her Now if any woman had intercourse with Minos it was impossible for her to escape with life for because Minos cohabited with many women Pasiphae bewitched him and whenever he took another woman to his bed he discharged wild beasts at her joints and so the women perishedE But Minos had a swift dog and a dart that flew straight and in return for these gifts Procris shared his bed having first given him the Circaean root to drink that he might not harm her But afterwards fearing the wife of Minos she came to Athens and being reconciled to Cephalus she went forth with him to the chase for she was fond of hunting As she was in pursuit of game in the thicket Cephalus not knowing she was there threw a dart hit and killed Procris and being tried in the Areopagus was condemned to perpetual banishmentm 3152 While Orithyia was playing by the Ilissus river Boreas carried her off and had intercourse with her and she bore daughters Cleopatra and Chione and winged sons Zetes and Calais These sons sailed with Jasonm and met their end in chasing the Harpies but according to Acusilaus they were killed by Hercules in Tenosm 3153 Cleopatra was married to Phineus who had by her two sons Plexippus and Pandion When he had these sons by Cleopatra he married Idaea daughter of Dardanus She falsely accused her stepsons to Phineus of corrupting her virtue and Phineus believing her blinded them both But when the Argonauts sailed past with Boreas they punished him 3154 Chione had connexion with Poseidon and having given birth to Eumolpusm unknown to her father in order not to be detected she flung the child into the deep But Poseidon picked him up and conveyed him to Ethiopia and gave him to Benthesicyme a daughter of his own by Amphitrite to bring up When he was full grown Benthesicyme39s husband gave him one of his two daughters But he tried to force his wife39s sister and being banished on that account he went with his son Ismarus to Tegyrius king of Thrace who gave his daughter in marriage to Eumolpus39s son But being afterwards detected in a plot against Tegyrius he fled to the Eleusinians and made friends with them Later on the death of Ismarus he was sent for by Tegyrius and went composed his old feud with him and succeeded to the kingdom And war having broken out between the Athenians and the Eleusinians he was called in by the Eleusinians and fought on their side with a large force of Thracians When Erechtheus inquired of the oracle how the Athenians might be victorious the god answered that they would win the war if he would slaughter one of his daughters and when he slaughtered his youngest the others also slaughtered themselves for as some said they had taken an oath among themselves to perish together In the battle which took place after the slaughter Erechtheus killed Eumolpus 3155 But Poseidon having destroyed Erechtheus and his house Cecrops the eldest of the sons of Erechtheus succeeded to the throne He married Metiadusa daughter of Eupalamus and begat Pandion This Pandion reigning after Cecrops was expelled by the sons of Metion in a sedition and going to Pylas at Megara married his daughter Pylia And at a later time he was even appointed king of the city for Pylas slew his father39s brother Bias and gave the kingdom to Pand ion while he himself repaired to Peloponnese with a body of people and founded the city of Pylus While Pandion was at Megara he had sons born to him to wit Aegeus Pallas Nisus and Lycus But some say that Aegeus was a son of Scyrius but was passed off by Pand ion as his own
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