PSCI 1050 Weekly Notes
PSCI 1050 Weekly Notes PSCI 1050
Popular in American Government: Process and
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tressa Roberts on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1050 at University of North Texas taught by Eshbaugh-Soha,Matthew Joseph in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see American Government: Process and in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
“An Introduction” Rational Choice Theory: Government: The ways and steps where public policies are made and discussed for the society. > How should officials govern and what should government do to govern correctly? > Roles of government: provide services, collect taxes, and maintain order. Politics: The certain ways that society selects our governmental representatives and choose which policies our representatives will produce. > The candidates persuade people to vote for them. > Direct Democracy varies by state. >Texas is a Republic state and is a Representative democracy. >Politics allow for authentic and valid decisions about public issues. Lawell’s definition= “who gets what, when, and how” The participants in politics truly matter because political events rely on the participants. Democracy: A system of government that allows for policies to represent the people. Democracy= equality of voting and rights; control of the lineup of government to rely on the people; the people’s need to approve things; and personal liberty. Views of Democracy: 1. The Traditional View: creates an unsuccessful government, the “mob rules”, Aristotle and the framers were the outline 2. The Contemporary View: a replica of the current view of democracy; the people prefer democracy Group Theories of Democracy: 1. Pluralism: a system where politics relies on the competitive forces between groups which results in a high public interest. 2. Elite and Class Theory: Inequality amongst society; the wealthy will prevail and take control. 3. Hyperpluralism: the creation of a weakening democracy; the different groups become too powerful and take over politics. 4. Rational Choice Theory: a theory that assumes that each person will act in their own best interest; each person votes for whoever agrees with their own ideas; looks for situations to maximize their benefits while making sure the cost is lowered. resources will determine whether a group will prevail in their goals or not. Rational Choice Applied: >policymaking: The president, candidates, and legislatures will choose to support or agree with anything that will create votes for them on election/reelection day. Ex: gun control, samesex marriage, immigration reform Voting and Political Parties: >individuals will vote for the person who maximizes their benefits and agrees with the ideas. Interest Groups: >These groups are not always rational, but citizens still do them to get their ideas out there and take risks. Public Policy: >policy: A governmental decision in response to the citizen’s concerns. American Democracy allows for expression of policy concerns through: 1. parties, media, or linkage institutions 2. actions taken by president, congress, bureaucracy, or court Political Participation 1. What are political parties? party: a group of people with similar interests that search for ways to influence public policy so that they can elect their candidates. 2. What are the historical party eras? certain eras where the majority of people clung to one specific power which results in that power to win elections. 3. What about parties today? parties today are still solely democratic, republican, or independent. The Downs Model: (Rational Choice Theory: the assumption that each person will act according to their best interests.) >Downs Model: voters will do things to allow for their favored policies to be highly thought of and maximized. >Voters will find the areas where the most voters are and try to convince them to join their side. Republicans= conservatives Democrats= liberals Tasks of Parties: 1. Pick possible candidates. 2. Run campaigns to further their candidates. 3. Give cues to voters. 4. They persuade policies. 5. They coordinate policymaking. 6. A political party is a linkage institution (ways in society that connect policies to the people. Ex: media) How parties influence Policy opinions: 1. They act as mental shortcuts. 2. They ensure that the public has little knowledge of politics. 3. Partyidentifiers take cues from elites in their party, so they can take a political position which allows for underdeveloped political ideas. Components of Parties: >Party Identification: One’s personal preference for a political party. >Ticketsplitting: When one person chooses to vote for one political party in one election, but chooses the opposing or different political party in the next election. This term is most likely used by independents who do not prefer democrats or republicans and are apolitical. Ticketsplitting allows for unsafety in all states and races. Local Party Organizations: >Grass Root Organizations: local people who work for a party and are important in early presidential primaries. Local Parties: 1. Party Machines: An organization headed by a main boss that demands the right amount of endorsements to win the votes. 2. Patronage: When one is rewarded with a job, promotion, or contract in exchange for their loyalty. both local parties are weak in today’s society. State Party Organizations: >heavily affects how and who is selected for president. >primaries: preliminary election to select possible presidential or other candidates. >caucasus: When the state legislature of a specific political party meets to decide on candidates or policies. >Republican party has no more statewide variation in selection processes. Texas Party Organizations: Precincts >precinct: a district or down that is politically defined for political purposes. >Precinct chair is selected by voters in specific precinct. State Conventions: >state chair is chosen by the state convention delegates. >State executive committee has 64 members. >they select the electors for the electoral college. National Party Organization: >National Convention: Party delegates meet every 4 years to agree on a presidential ticket. they agree on the formal sendoff for the president and vice president. approve the candidates chosen by each party. >National Committee: keeps the parties going through conventions by fundraising. The Party in Government: >those who are actually elected to govern in their parties. >Coalition: a group with combined action to reduce the dominance of one party. Party in Government today: >President is democratic. >114th Congress: The House and Senate are both mainly republican. Parties in American History: >Critical Election: When a big change in policies occurs due to new issues and coalitions emerge in one election.(Usually around a country crisis. Ex: The Great Depression) >Party Realignment: When the minority party replaces the majority party. (usually during a critical election) >The Progressive Era: During the 2nd Republican Era (18961916) progressives pushed away patronage and voting corruption in order to undermine the party machines.
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