Class Notes 1/20-1/22
Class Notes 1/20-1/22 Sociology 20213
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mallory Notetaker on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 20213 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Hampton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
Sociology - Hampton Study Soup Class Notes 1/20/16 Primary theme of sociology is that our everyday thoughts and actions are the product of a complex interplay between mass media and our lives Sociological Perspective: is the ability to see the impact of social forces on our private lives - an awareness that our lives like at the intersection of personal biography and societal history. How does sociology differ from other disciplines like biology and psychology? biology- how body works psychology- inside the mind sociology- social interactions, how outside forces impact individuals Chapter Two: the Effect of Social Structure on our everyday lives -Statuses -Roles -Groups -Organizations -Institutions (these are all things that effect the social structure in our society) Status -Is a social position that a person holds. -Status is a part of our social identity and deﬁnes our relationships to others -Each of us holds many statuses at once. i.e. being a parent and a student Status Set -The term status set refers to all the statuses a person holds at a given time -For ex: a teenage girl may be a daughter her parents, a sister to her brother, a student at school, and an athlete Ascribed and Achieved Status -Ascribed status: is a social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntary later in life -Ex: kardashian Achieved status: in contrast, is a social position we take on voluntarily or acquire by our own efforts Master Status -Some statuses matter more than others -The status has special important for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life. example: prestigious career title Roles Whether ascribed or achieved, status are important sociologically because they all come with a set of rights, obligations, behaviors, and duties that people occupying a certain position are expected or encouraged to perform. example: mother Role conﬂict and role strain Role conﬂict- describes situations in which people encounter tension in trying to cope with the demands of incompatible roles. -People may feel frustrated in their efforts to do what they feel they’re supposed to do when the role expectations of one status clash with the role exactions of another. Role Strain -is a tension among the roles connected to a single status -Ex: teacher may want to be friendly with students but needs to remain objective Social Institutions Family Education Economy Politics and law Religion Health Care Military Mass Media Class Notes 1/22/16 Three major Theoretical Approaches: 1. Structural-functionalist perspective 2. Conﬂict Perspective 3. Symbolic Interactionism Structural-Functionalist -Their mindset is that all the components of society work together to make everything run smoothly What is the level of analysis? -we can analyze society in the way we analyze the body, even if something is dysfunctional in society but it remains to exist it must be playing a vital role in society Limitations to this perspective -By focusing on social stability and unity, critics argue that structural-functionalism is not critical of inequalities based on social class, race, ethnicity, and gender, all of which cause tension and conﬂict. -In general, its focus on stability at the expense of conﬂict makes this approach somewhat conservative. Conﬂict Perspective What is the level of analysis? -they see it as a competition between people over limited resources -they believe different people who have different amounts of power and inﬂuences -they focus on stability at expense of conﬂict makes this approach somewhat conservative Limitations of this perspective -Because the conﬂict perspective focusses so much on conﬂict, it tends to downplay or overlook the elements of society that different groups and individuals share -In addition, this perspective is very motivated by political agenda. Macro-level vs. Micro-level orientation Macro: way of examining human life that focuses on the broad topics in society, structural functional Micro: focuses on the immediate everyday of experiences of individuals Symbolic interactionism -attempts to understand human life by a micro level, everyday interactions Limitations -By focusing on individuals it runs the risk of ignoring larger social patterns and structures -thus, this perspective risks overlooking the widespread inﬂuence of culture, as well as factors such as class, gender, and race. Extra Chapter 1 (book reading from Newman) Individualistic explanations: attributing people’s achievements and failures to their personal qualities relationships are not private entities, but always inﬂuences by a outside network of people sociology: the systematic study of human societies social imagination: ability to see the impact of these forces on our private lives Recorded Homework Questions (answers will be included in study guide for exam) 1.) How does the reading by Romero illustrate C. Wright Mills’ conception of the sociological imagination? 2.) Romero argues that Chicana domestic servants are a “hidden population.” List four of explanations she gives for the difﬁculties in ﬁnding statistical data on chicane servants
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