Chapter 2 cont
Chapter 2 cont 3600
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3600 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Andrew Fisher in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
Criminology Chapter 2 cont 0 Crime Trends 0 Depends on economy neighborhood time of year weather etc 0 Crime Patterns 0 Ecology of Crime I Day season climate 0 Most crimes happen in the summer When teens are out of school people are on vacation and homes are empty I Temperature I Regional differences 0 Environment 0 Firearm Use I 20 robberies I 10 assaults I 5 rapes I 666 murder 0 Age I Youth 1417 I Adolescence 0 Less supervision 0 Increased social demands 0 Want more adult privileges 0 More laws apply With age I Adults 45 I Elderly 65 0 Identity theft 0 Gender I Males commit more than 80 of violent crimes 0 Male to female arrests 41 0 51 for serious crimes 0 81 for murder I Women on rise 0 Arrests have increased to 6 0 Violent crimes have increased 1 0 Property crimes have increased 20 I Men are raised to believe that have to be violent dominant etc I Being a man being violent 0 Social Class and Crime 0 Instrumental Crimes I Offenses designed to improve financial or social position of criminal acts 0 Expressive Crimes I Offenses committed not for profit or gain but to vent rage anger or frustration 0 More Crime vs More Cops 0 Race 0 Racial threat theory I As the size of the minority population increases the perceived threat to White population increases resulting in a greater amount of social control imposed on minorities Racial biases 0 African American UCR representation I 39 violent crimes I 30 property crimes 0 Nonwhites less than 25 US population but 58 of prisoners O 0 Career Criminals O The Chronic 6 Wolfgang I Responsible for 52 of offenses I People Who commit crimes for a living I What in uences the size of the police force in cities in US 0 Determinants of Police Force Size I Sharp 0 The first to assess racial threat and inequality on police threat I Functional explanation I Workload demands 0 Size of force in past I Con ict explanations 0 Political threat 0 Class threat 0 Racial threat 0 Findings I Cities are likely to heighten forces With increased poverty and racial economic inequality
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