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Social Beliefs and Attitudes

by: Chandler Massengale

Social Beliefs and Attitudes PSYC 223

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Psychlogy > PSYC 223 > Social Beliefs and Attitudes
Chandler Massengale
C of C
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Social Beliefs and Attitudes, Chapter 3
Social Psychology
Dr. Lisa Ross
Class Notes
Psychology, social psychology, beliefs, attitudes, chapter 3
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chandler Massengale on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 223 at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Lisa Ross in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at College of Charleston.


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Date Created: 01/28/16
January 21, 2016 Chapter 3: Social Beliefs and Judgments  Perceiving events o Priming  Zajonc et al. primed with angry or happy faces that couldn’t be consciously perceived  Participants liked the character that was led by a happy face  Schemas are priming o Context  If you are called a derogatory name by someone not in your in- group, it can be seemed as negative  Visa versa o Cognitive conservatism aka belief perseverance  We tend to cling to our established beliefs  If information is ambiguous, we interpret it using our beliefs January 26, 2016 o Remembering events  memory alteration  shoe, saw, banana, dress  memories are not carbon copies of reality, we change them  Might alter memories because of something before the event or after the event we’re trying to remember  Sometimes we fill in the blanks with things that have never happened  misinformation effect  If someone tells us something about the event after it happened, we might incorporate it into our memory  Dangerous in eye witness testimony  source amnesia  We will incorporate information that we have heard from other sources into our own memories because we can’t remember where we heard it  Judging Others o Intuition  We are often swayed by our intuition o Overconfidence  We can be more confident than we are correct  Confident witnesses are not necessarily correct witnesses  Planning fallacy  To fight this: o Seek out feedback from other people o Personally generate reasons we can be wrong o Take the things we need to get done and separate them into steps  Problematic in medical diagnosis o Heuristics  Base-rate fallacy  Availability heuristic o Counterfactuals o Illusory thinking  Illusory correlation  Causation is not correlation  Meaningful in our mind, but really a chance  Illusion of control  you think you are in control of something that you are not in control of o people with gambling problems o superstitions o Mood and memory  Mood-congruent memory: the mood you’re in right now will affect the memories you are making  Attributions for explaining behavior o Introduction  explanations for behavior  the actor-observer difference  actor gives cues to observer and responds to response/attributions/explanation o Biases  Fundamental Attribution Error  When we explain other peoples’ actions we give credit to internal factors, but explain ur actions with external attributions  Egocentric Bias  We say that we would have done something different than what the person does  Defensive Bias  Outcomes that are more negative strengthen our attributions for someone else’s behavior  Confirmation Bias  We look for things that confirm our biases o Attribution Models: Kelly  Self-Fulfilling Prophecy o Teachers and Students  Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968)  Feldman and Prochaska (1979)  Noticable differences based on other people’s expectations o Dating  Snyder, Tanke, and Berscheid  Behavioral Confirmation  Person 1  Person 2  Pre-existing expectations ← o Ambiguous Behavior  Confirmation of expectations  Behavioral reaction → o Elicits Expected o Implications for management and parenting Behavior


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