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SOC 2010 Chater 3 Notes

by: kyle.gosland

SOC 2010 Chater 3 Notes Soc 2010

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Chapter 3 Lecture and Reading Notes
Introduction to sociology
Mary Barr
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/28/16
Chapter 3  Anthropology and Sociology  Both study cultures  Anthropology  Typically only focuses on culture  Distant or ancient cultures frequently studied  Sociology  Study culture as part of larger society  Typically study contemporary culture  Culture: characteristics of a group of people that helps create a way of life  Material Culture: physical, tangible objects  Symbolic Culture: ideas related to a cultural group  Signs  Body Language (gestures)  Language  Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis  Culture affects language  Can also happen the other way around  Language changes how people think  Values, Norms, Sanctions  Manifestations of culture  Values: set of shared beliefs  Norms: rules people live by  Folkways: ordinary societal conventions  Mores: tradition with greater significance  Taboos: most powerful; very important to society  Sanctions: way to enforce social norms  Use both positive and negative consequences  Legal or social repercussions  Culture Main Points  Cultures are associated with places  Geographical places (community, region, country)  Social settings  Culture is always changing  No definite boundaries, overlap between cultures is common  Cultural Relativism  Compares cultures relative to others; avoid saying one is better or worse  Cultures have different ways of seeing the same social phenomenon  Cultures are not valued equally by the world  Ethnocentrism: believing your own culture is central and better than others  Aspects of “Southern Hospitality”  Food  Etiquette  Religion/churches  Strong sense of community; proud of where they’re from  Language: combo of English settlers, Native Americans, Africans  Some practices exist to cover up negative things in society  Religion was once used to justify slavery  Cultural Imperialism  Hegemonic: ideas of the dominant social group are widely accepted throughout a society; American culture is an example  Possible to occupy a country culturally without actually being there  Peters Projection is the most accurate map in size and location of places  Accurate based on land area; more realistic  Dominant Culture  Culture of most influential group of people  US: white middle class, Northern European descent  Subculture: culture within a culture  Coexist within dominant cultures  5 US regions that have different cultures (subcultures)  Southeast is most distinct  Counterculture: in opposition with the dominant culture and subcultures  Different values and norms don’t coincide  1960s: black power, nonviolence (anti-war), hippies  Culture is something people learn, not something they’re born with  Learned so slowly that it’s difficult to keep track of  Sociologists must study everyday “normal” culture as well as less mainstream to get a good idea of the culture as a whole  First person perspective usually keeps people from seeing oddities within their culture  Social Control: implemented to make people follow values and norms, allowing the society to run more smoothly  Multiculturalism: placing value in the differences people have to pursue traditions instead of focusing on total assimilation  Culture wars are arguments/disputes over what should be considered social norms  Ideal Culture: culture that people think would ideally exist in society  Real Culture: culture that actually exists in society, regardless of what the ideal culture may be  Technological Determinism: theory that says technology is the single largest influence on modern society  Cultural Diffusion: spreading of culture and beliefs to members of different groups  Cultural Leveling: two cultures that used to be very distinct becoming more similar  Sometimes people who are left out of research know the most about a situation


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