Note 6 for POL 231 with Professor Norrander at UA
Note 6 for POL 231 with Professor Norrander at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Participation Turnout in elections Involvement in campaign politics Involvement in community politics Number of Votes Cast Turnout Number of Eligible Voters Recent presidential elections 50 ofvoting age population Turnout Influenced by legal structures Frequency and date of election Registration requirements Personal characteristics Age and education Attitudes Turnout in World s Democracies 1 3 Egg i z z D compulsory voting D automatic registration D neither Source BumsFeltasunCrumnMagleby17th edltmn p 29m US Registration Laws US Registration Laws Progressive reform 18908 19108 Change in 19608 with new laws and court cases Past laws restrictive limit hours of registration 1993 Motor voter Law limit location of registration long residency requirements early closing of registration prior to election Arizona Registration Laws Changing Suffrage Laws Resident of Arizona for 29 days Not convicted of treason or felony o 18305 most white males without civil rights restored Black enfranchisemem Constitution left definition to states Net currently dECIarEd an incapaCitatEd 1870 15th Amendment to Constitution person by a court of law Struggle for Black Suffrage Reconstruction 18671877 Violence intimidation legal restrictions Civil rights movement in 1950s amp 1960s 1963 Birmingham Alabama Registering to Vote in Alabama in 1960 4page registration form Literacy test Official discretion Source Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement Alabama Literacy Test httgwwwcrmvetorg nfoIitagghtm Alabama Literacy Test in 1960 Part A Read and write passage from Constitution Parts B amp C Two 4item information tests Read amp Write Constitution Constitutional passage 1 No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age ofthirty Years and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States and who shall not when elected be an lnhabitant ofthat State for which he shall be chosenquot Constitutional Passage 2 No State shall enter into any Treaty Alliance or Confederation grant Letters of Marque and Reprisals coin Money emit Bills of Credit make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts pass any Bill of Attainder ex post facto Law or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts or grant any Title of Nobilityquot Alabama Literacy Test Part B 1 What body can try impeachments of the president of the United States 2 Check the applicable definition for responsibility a duty a speech a failure 3 Name the attorney general of the United States 4 Women may now serve on juries in Alabama State courts Alabama Literacy Test Part C 1 If a person charged with treason denies his guilt how many persons must testify against him before he can be convicted 2 At what time of day on January 20 each four years does the term of the president of the United States end 3 lfthe president does not wish to sign a bill how many days is he allowed in which to return it to Congress for reconsideration 4 If a bill is passed by Congress and the President refuses to sign it and does not send it back to Congress in session within the specified period of time is the bill defeated or does it become law7 Voting Rights 1964 24th Amendment prohibit poll taxes 1965 Voting Rights Act eliminate literacy tests Change in Registration Rates Registration Rates 1965 Registration Rates 1988 1 an in an 2n n AB GA LA MS NC n H AB GA LA MS NC sc v D lzck illWhiIe El lzdrmwhile Source nttg HWWW uSdo govCrtvotingintrointro C ntrn Changing Suffrage Laws 1920 19th Amendment women suffrage 1924 American Indian voting law 1961 23rd Amendment DC presidential vote 1971 26th Amendment 18yearold vote Changes in Turnout Rates Enactment of registration laws Expansion of suffrage wars realignments Changes in demographics Declining trust in government Turnout in On amp Off Year Elections 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 a a a aquot lt96 9 9 9quot a aquot 9393 of 9quot a 0 quot Source Stanley amp Nierni Vital Statistics an American F Uiilics 799972000 United States Elections ProieCt nttgHelectionS grnu eduvoter turiiout ntni Turnout in 2004 Presidential Election Source Dave Lelp s Atlas of US Presidential Elections humWu l m natlasurnUSPR ESlDENTdatanhn7 23F2DU4ampdatat p2natlunalampdeltuampl Who Votes in Arizona Source 1996 Election US Bureau of the Census Who is more likely to vote EDUCATION AGE ATTITUDES Sense of civic duty Believe government officials respond to public Efficacy Reasons Given for Not Voting Too busy 21 Illnessemergency 15 Not interested 12 Out of town 10 Don t like candidates 8 Registration problems 7 Forgot 4 Inconvenient 3 Transportation problems 2 Weather 1 US Census Bureau Current Population Survey Nov 2000 Summary SocialPsychological Model of Turnout Is It Rational to Vote Benefits Care which party candidate wins Probability that one vote matters Costs Decision costs Tangible costs Participation Beyond Voting Complete Activist 12 Inacuves 2300 C ampaigners 1 600 C ontacters 400 Communalism Voting Only 2200 2300
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