Professional Ethics, Week 3 Notes Part 2
Professional Ethics, Week 3 Notes Part 2 PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Luyet on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 1120, Professional Ethics at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Ryan Fanselow in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Professional Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Wayne State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
The next couple weeks, we will be focused on LYING Definitions 1. Deception – a broad category that includes lying and misleading a. a person intentionally causes someone to have beliefs that a person thinks is false b. lying i. type of deception in which a person intentionally causes someone to have a belief that the person thinks is false by making a statement which the person believes to be false c. misleading i. another type of deception in which a person intentionally causes someone to have a belief that the person thinks is false by making a statement that the person thinks is true or performing an action 1. indirectly “lying” d. you can say something true and still be lying i. EX/ If you think Mitt Romney is president and you want someone to think otherwise, so you say, “Barack Obama is president.” Even though Obama is actually the president, you’re lying because you believed that statement to be false 2. Withholding the Truth a. a person intentionally allows another to have a belief that the person thinks is false i. EX/ The argument used in “Should Doctors Lie” b. this is NOT a type of deception i. you have to initially cause the person to believe it c. lying is sometimes necessary i. EX/ hiding Jews from the Nazi Party (This will be referred to as the Nazi at the door case for the remainder of the semester) I. The Duty Not to Lie a. “always” in this class means “100%” b. there are two kinds of duty: i. All-Things-Considered Duty 1. If you have an all-things-considered duty to do something, you must do it no matter what ii. Prima Facie Duty 1. If you have this kind of duty, you must do that thing unless doing so would conflict with another duty 2. choose the greater duty a. EX/ Choosing to protect people instead of not lying (Nazi at the door case) II. Skepticism about the Wrongness of Lying a. arguments in favor of lying: i. Lying can benefit people in many cases ii. In many of these cases, it doesn’t harm anyone to lie iii. If something benefits people without doing harm, we should do it iv. Therefore…we should lie sometimes when we can benefit people without harming anyone