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Chapter 1 Notes

by: Nicholas Petrusevski

Chapter 1 Notes FCNS 280

Nicholas Petrusevski
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

This is a brief summary of the chapter one notes. I highly recommend looking these over multiple times before the first exam. Cheers, Nick
MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society
J. Elizabeth Miller PhD
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicholas Petrusevski on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FCNS 280 at Northern Illinois University taught by J. Elizabeth Miller PhD in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society in Health Sciences at Northern Illinois University.


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Date Created: 01/28/16
Thursday, January 28, 2016 FCNS 280 Chapter 1 Intro. To human development -Augustine: original sin; humans are born with a selfish nature -John Locke: blank slate; empirlcism, a child's mind is a blank slate...can be modeled by parents -Jean-Jacques Rousseau- innate goodness; all human beings are naturally good -Charles Darwin: kept baby biographies -G. Stanley Hall: first scientific study of children -Arnold Gresell: established norms for physical maturation -Lifespan perspective: view that developed from conception to death should be studied from multiple disciplinary perspectives (Domains) -physical ex: puberty -cognitive ex: memory -social ex: individual differences in personality Prenatal: conception-birth Infancy: birth-language Early childhood: language-school Middle childhood: school-puberty Adolescence: puberty-18 Early adulthood: 18-40 Middle adulthood: 40-60 Late adulthood: 60-death 1 Thursday, January 28, 2016 Key issues in the study of human development: -Inborn bias: aspects of infants' appearance that motivate adults to care for them (Type of changes) Normative age- graded Ex: infants crawling Normative history- graded Ex: Great Depression (people born in) Normative Ex: genetic influences *critical periods are more common in animal research than in studies with humans *"double whammy" a vulnerable child in a poor environment Research methods and designs: -the goals of development science are to describe, explain, predict, influence age- related changes -experiment: manipulated independent variable -laboratory observation: behavior observed in controlled settings -Case study: in-depth study of a single individual -naturalistic observation: observation observed in a typical setting -correlation: mathematical relationship between two variables (Methods) -cross sectional: Quick detour but ignores individual differences -longitudinal: track individuals over time, time consuming -sequential: combine cross-sectional and longitudinal, also very time-consuming Why is cross cultural resource important? And identifies universal changes 1. 2. It identifies variables that influence development 2 Thursday, January 28, 2016 Issues: -Protection from harm -informed consent -confidentiality -knowledge of results -deception 3


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