RHM321 ch1 notes
RHM321 ch1 notes RHM 321-001
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Cohen on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RHM 321-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mr. Alvin Niuh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Tourism and Hospitality Industry in Public Health at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Ch1 Tourism in Perspective 0 Tourism The processes activities and outcomes arising from the relationships and interactions among tourists tourism suppliers host governments host communities and surrounding environments that are involved in the attracting and hosting of visitors Perspectives of tourism 0 The tourist o The business providing tourist goods and services 0 The government of the host community or area 0 The host community UNWTO de nition of tourism 0 Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure business and other purposes 0 lnternationalTourism Inbound tourism Visits to a country by nonresidents Outbound tourism Visits by residents of a country to another country 0 Internal tourism Visit by residents and nonresidents of the country of reference 0 Domestic tourism Visit by residents of a country to their own country 0 National tourism Internal tourism plus outbound tourism The resident tourism market for travel agents airlines and other suppliers 0 Travel Terminology UNWTO o Traveler any person on a trip between two or more countries or between two or more localities within hisher country of usual residence 0 Visitor all kinds of travelers engaged in tourism Sameday visitor excursionists visitors who do not spend the night in the country visited 0 Tourist Visitors who stay in the country for at least one night 0 Travel Terminology US 0 Visit every time a visitor entered an area under study 0 Tourist one who travels away from home for a distance of at least 50 miles one way for business pleasure personal affairs or any other purpose except to commute to work whether he stays overnight or returns the same day o Excursionist traveler who spends less than 24 hours at a destination 0 Person trip one person traveling 50 miles one way or more away from home or staying overnight regardless of distance Excludes crews students military personnel on active duty and commuters Tourism is a service based industry comprising a number of tangible and intangible components 0 The tangible elements include transport foods and beverages tours souvenirs and accommodation 0 The intangible elements involve education culture adventure or simply escape and relaxation Things you can only experience and not physically take home Classi cation of travelers Slide 17 gure 11 in textbook Tourism Components gure 12 in textbook 0 The tourist The heart of tourism phenomenon Need to understand the touristtraveler Travel experiences sought 0 Tourist motivation Mode of travel 0 Selection of destination 0 Choice among the myriad activities 0 Natural Resources and Environment 3 key features 0 Physiography Climate People 0 Its residents 0 Current or potential visitors 0 The built environment Consists of 0 Culture of host region 0 Infrastructure Superstructure Technology 0 Information 0 Governance 0 Operating sector of the tourism industry Types of sectors 0 Transportation 0 Accommodation 0 Food services 0 Attractions 0 Events 0 Adventure and outdoor recreation 0 Entertainment 0 Travel Trade Spirit of Hospitality 2 important requirements 0 Train industry personnel to treat tourists with fairness respect and a level of politeness Encourage permanent residents to behave as friendly hosts to visitors Planning development promotion and catalyst organizations PDPCO 2 important stakeholders Public sector government 0 Private sector 0 National 0 State amp Provincial 0 Local amp City Tourism s Economic Importance O Table on slide 26 World 2010 2020 Economic activity 575 tri 1115 tri 7385 bil in US Jobs 2358 mil 303 mil 74 mil in US lndustry direct 81913 bil 104740 bil Economy indirect 235758 bil 303019 bil Contribution to GDP 0 Bene ts of Tourism Economic 0 00000 0000 Provides employment opportunities Generates foreign exchange Increases incomes lncreases GDP Can be built on existing infrastructure Develops an infrastructure that will also help stimulate local commerce and industry Can be developed with local products and resources Diversi es the economy Tends to be compatible with other economic activities Spreads development 0 High multiplier impactKeeps money in the community 0 Increases governmental revenues Disadvantages of Tourism Economic O 0 000 O Develops excess demand Results in high leakage Buying things from overseas so the money made on that product leaks out of the community Creates dif culties of seasonality Causes in ation Can result in unbalanced economic development Increases vulnerability to economic an political changes Bene ts of Tourism Social noneconomic O O Broadens educational and cultural horizons Improves quality of life higher incomes and improved standards of living 0 Justi es environmental protection and improvement 0 Provides tourist and recreational facilities that may be used by a local population Disadvantages of tourism Social noneconomic O 0 000000 Creates social problems Degrades the natural physical environment and creates poHqun Degrades the cultural environment Threatens family structure Commercializes culture religion and the arts Creates misunderstanding Creates con icts in the host society Contributes to disease economic uctuation and transportation problems Bene ts of Tourism Cultural O O O O O Reinforces preservation of heritage and tradition Visitor interest in local culture provides employment for artists musicians and other performing artists enhancing cultural heritage Breaks down language barriers sociocultural barriers class barriers racial barriers political barriers and religious barriers Creates a favorable worldwide image for a destination Promotes a global community Promotes international understanding and peace Why Study Tourism 0 O O 0 Tourism is highly dynamic ever changing Has a global impact Can be studies from different approaches Tourism as a phenomenon Tourism arises from the movement of people to and their stay in various destinations There are two elements in all tourism the journey to the destination and the stay including activities at the destination The journey and the stay take place outside the normal place of residence and work so that tourism gives rise to activities which are distinct from those of the resident and working populations of the places through which tourists travel and in which they stay The movement to destinations is of a temporary shortterm character with intention to return within a few days weeks or months 0 Geography and the Traveler 0 Geography the science of how the earth and its life interact 0 Physical Geography means to identify and describe natural features of the earth 0 Human Cultural Geography patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment 0 Regional geography physical and human geography of a speci c area 0 The Travel Tourism and Hospitality Industry s 7 Questions 0 Where is it Map Drawn or printed representation of the earth Globe 3D representation of the earth Atlas Collection of maps 0 What does the destination look like Description of features Water Oceans Lakes Streams Land continents inlands mountains hills valleys canyons Vegetation forest grassland desert tundra o How does it relate to other destinations Expressed as accessibility Described in terms of o Direction 0 Distance km and mile 1 mi 16 km 0 Time 24 h clock time zones GMT 0 When is the best time to go Weather what s happening now Climate sum of the weather over a period of time In uenced by 0 latitude elevation proximity to water ocean currents topography prevailing winds seasons 0 What are the local customs like Cultural geography a groups total way of life social meanings values Some of the most important expressions of culture are 0 Politics 0 The arts arts crafts sculpture architecture music and dance 0 Languages 0 Religion Folklore beliefs customs and traditions Food and Beverage Recreation 0 How do nd information Guidebooks Travel magazines Videos and TV Movies Internet Travel Agents Tourist Boards Brochures Familiarization Trips Trade shows Word of Mouth 0 What s happening Trend data Multiculturalism acknowledging the existence contribution and value of all of the earth s culture and peoples Ecotourism quotbring nothing with you take nothing awayquot
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