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Ch 2 notes

by: Amanda Cohen

Ch 2 notes RHM 321-001

Amanda Cohen
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

These notes cover ch 2
Tourism and Hospitality Industry
Mr. Alvin Niuh
Class Notes
rhm, Tourism
25 ?




Popular in Tourism and Hospitality Industry

Popular in Public Health

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Cohen on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RHM 321-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mr. Alvin Niuh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Tourism and Hospitality Industry in Public Health at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Ch 2: Tourism through the Ages  7 Wonders of the Ancient World o The Great Pyramids of Egypt o The Hanging Gardens of Babylon o The Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus, Turkey o The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece o The Colossus of Rhodes Greece o The Great Lighthouse (Pharos) in Alexandra, Egypt o The Temple of Artemis (was Greece, now Turkey)  7 Wonders of the World (New – 2007) o Great Wall of China o Ancient city of Petra, Jordan o Statue of Christ the Redeemer, Brazil o Machu Picchu o Maya ruins of Chichen Itza, Mexico o The Colosseum, Italy o Taj Mahal Historical Dimensions of Travel and Tourism  Travel in Prehistoric Times o Paleolithic Age (32,000 – 10,000 BC)  Travel focused on day-to-day survival activity  Travel mainly by foot o Neolithic Age (after 10,000 BC)  Sailing vessels were introduced  Animals domesticated and trained to carry goods  Sumerians (Babylonians) invented the “wheel” and “money”  Travel associated with trade and exchange of goods  Historical Dimensions o Travel in Ancient Civilizations  Travel for trade and commerce  Travel for pleasure  Religious travel  Pilgrimages  Limited to people who were wealthy o Travel in the Middle Ages  Rebuilding of travel after fall of the Roman Empire  The crusades and pilgrimages o Travel in the Renaissance  14 – 17 century  Time of change and exploration  The beginning of organized tours  Still very limited to highly educated people and wealthy people o Travel in the Industrial Age  Expansion of railroads, distant travel by sea, emergence of coach travel  Cook’s Tour – an inclusive group tour by Thomas Cook of England (1841)  Earliest recorded organized tour  Lasted about 6 months  Cook was one of the first tour guides  Modern Mass Tourism th o 20 century o Influenced by: technology, political and social events o 2 world wars o The automobile (1903, 1 cross country trip) o The airplane (1911 – 1 cross country trip) o Leisure travel o Tourism policy – deregulation of airline industry o Theme parks o TSA (2001) o Euro currency (2002)  Travel in the Present Age o Travel is for the masses o A wide variety of travel experiences and destinations o Travel in all seasons o Travel for various reasons o Process is fairly easy o Cost is affordable


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