The Apology and The Republic
The Apology and The Republic PHL 2008
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas nelson on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 2008 at High Point University taught by Thaddeus M. Ostrowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Social Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at High Point University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Thomas Nelson Irony – When intended meaning is opposite of literal meaning Dramatic Irony – When reader/audience knows more than character, rendering character’s statement ironic Socratic Irony – Feigning ignorance in order to draw others into convo or giving their opinions Socrates was charged for evildoing (corrupting the youth) and impiety (not believing in the gods of the city) Daimon – The “voice” in Socrates’ head that tells him he’s about to do something wrong (conscience) o Did not come to him when he was going to his trial o This is the “new divinity of his own” that the jury said he was trying to make Plato’s Republic Plato is writing about Socrates after he was executed (have to read between lines/esoteric writing) While Socrates is protagonist and an authoritative voice, the meaning of dialogue is never stated directly, it emerges from our engagement with dialogue; reading it is supposed to “corrupt” us to make us into philosophers by drawing us into wonder, questioning, and examining Cephalus’ definition of justice – Speaking the truth and repaying one’s debts Polemarchus’ definition of justice – Benefit friends and harm enemies Thrasymachus’ definition of justice – Advantage of the stronger/authority Cephalus says old age is good because you have peace of mind and get rest o Lose interest in sex → the urge stops driving us crazy o Money is a comfort in old age, but it isn’t the difference between happiness and unhappiness o It isn’t money that makes us happy, but our desires that make us unhappy because they disorder our soul → If you want something too badly, you make bad decisions o When we get old, we begin to worry about the lives we have lived and the stories we were told as children Will we be rewarded or punished? (Heaven or hell?) The way we have lived is very important Socrates’ objection to Cephalus’ claims o Ex: Returning a weapon to a madman o Ex: Returning money to a drunk Thomas Nelson o Justice is too rigid o Normally, you should do the right thing, however, if the consequences are bad, a good motive might lead us to lie or withhold truth in order to bring about a good outcome or avoid a bad one Cephalus then leaves to make a sacrifice to the gods (maybe a bribe to them?) and hands the convo over to his son, Polemarchus
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