Government Week 2
Government Week 2 PSCI 1040
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Government 1040 Week 2 Anything that is a good test question is underlined ● Chapter 2 The constitution a. Introduction ■ Importance of US constitution as a model the world over ● Not original ideas ○ The idea of representation is taking from British Parliament ○ The idea of the veto is taken from the “Royal negative” ■ Last used in 1707 ○ The idea of trial by jury ○ The idea of an inquest ■ Figuring out things about a person's death ○ The idea of an independent judiciary ■ In hopes to avoid bias judges ■ Lest written constitution in use in the world ■ Set the record straight ● Difference between declaration and constitution ○ declaration is a reason for our independence ○ constitution is 7 articles that we follow by law ■ The constitution doesn't contain the phrase “all men are created equal” ○ A lot of people think that states can nullify federal law ■ This is not legal and can not occur ■ The federal government is supreme ○ Article of confederation ■ Was created by the states ■ Considered a lege of friendship among the states ■ States are trying to one up the federal government legally ○ Our constitution is a religious document ■ God gave us the document. God gave us the inspiration. God gave us the words. God gave us America therefore he gave us the constitution ■ It isn't the constitution has no reference to God and is secular ■ The people who wrote it were not religious people ● They were children of liberalism ○ Know the difference between the declaration the constitution b. 2.1 Background Declaration of Independence ■ Britain wanted the clines to contribute to the economy wellbeing of England , but colonists resisted ■ 1775 ● Hostilities had broken out ■ 1776 ● Declaration was written and independence was declared c. 2.2 articles of confederation ■ Why they failed ● No national power to tax ● No executive branch ● Congress lacked power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce ● States used their own money ● Very difficult to amend the articles ○ Every state had to agree ○ Making it hard to make it better ● No national identity d. 2.3 the constitutional convention ■ Passages from iracle at Philadelphia ● A book about the story of the constitution ● G. Morris ○ Known as tall boy ○ Friends with Washington ○ Has an amputation ○ Smart and well read ○ Looked rich but was rather poor ○ Wants strong central government ○ Likes the idea of a republic ○ “This generation will die away and give birth to a race of Americans” ■ Referring to the lack of unity under the ARticles of confederation ● Ben Franklin ○ Respected by French and British ■ Spoke French ○ Was 81 ○ Wished for a pearl executive ■ A presidential president ■ Having one person who is fond of war, or became ill the others could pick up the slack ● Think of all the things with the assailant ion of JFK and the takeover of power if the Vice President had became ill after death ● Or the Reagan administration and the battle with altimezer ● Visitors from Europe thoughts on America ○ French traveler ■ Excited ■ Tree in the country that bore its fruit in the shape of women young and delish ■ It was so cold because the trees prevented the sn from reaching the earth ■ The potato is the future of humankind ■ American know the use of reason ● These are called men of principle ○ George Washington ○ Ben Franklin ○ William Penn ○ The shock of slavery ■ Big vast mansion with small slave houses nearby that look like little shacks ○ Everyone knew the forest was the enemy ■ Compared to France this is one vast wood ■ English man ● This is one vast aversion to trees ■ People who cut down trees were paid with booze and food ● They were young ■ Stumps were left rot and crops grew up to the doors of the houses and made the houses ● Europeans were shocked about the handling of trees by the US ○ Traveling ■ No places to stay other than barking houses that you sleep with their known people ■ Expected to bring own food and cook it yourself ○ Doctors ■ Philadelphia college of physicians ● Well known tried to out do each other when it came to how they looked ● Prescribe ○ Things to make you vomit ○ Swelling ■ Bleeding a quart at a time ○ Opium ■ People could get it without a prescription ■ People would kill their children with it ■ It was illegal to abort children or prevent pregnancy ○ Childbirth ■ Fever caused by unsanitary conditions of instruments and hands results in death of mothers ■ In difficult cases the child removed in pieces ○ Results in people coming up with home remedies ○ Art ■ Europeans said there were no arts in America ■ In the South quilting was popular and its importance to black women ■ Little time was left in society for art, or literature ■ Thought that the absence of artists in the “new world” was why there was a lack of art ■ John Adams thought that America hadn't reached the point in society for their to be artist ■ Of the 74 delegates appointed 55 attended ● All states but Rhode Island sent delegate ○ This is because Rhode Island was in a lot of debt ● Make up of the committee ○ 50% of the delegates were college educated ○ 5 signed declaration of independance ○ 11 veterans ○ 3 state governors ● People in attendance ○ Patrick Henry would not attend because he “smelled a rat” ○ James Madison was in attendance ■ He was short, small, frail, timid, self conscious ■ Eventually became president ■ Persuades George Washington to be leader of the convention ■ Father of the constitution ● Areas of agreement between delegates ○ They wanted a republic ○ They believed in the idea of the social contract and that the people would create the government ■ This was not a government created by the states ○ They agreed on national supremacy ■ This is due to the experience caused by the articles of confederation ■ This is mentioned in Article 6 of the Constitution ○ They agreed on separation of powers as well as checks and balances ■ Influenced by the ideas of Montesquieu ● Locke was influential in declaration and influenced Montesquieu ● Montesquieu was influential in constitution ● Spirit of Laws (1748) influential with regard to checks and balances and separation of powers ○ They believed in the rule of law ■ This is the foundation of the constitution ■ The richest man in America is just the same as the poor person who has next to nothing ■ Everyone is subject to law ■ Even if the president does something wrong it is still illegal
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