CRJU 3200: Crime Prevention and Security, week 3 notes
CRJU 3200: Crime Prevention and Security, week 3 notes Crju 3200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crju 3200 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dr. Lab in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Crime Prevention and Security in Criminal Justice at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
CRJU 3200: Crime Prevention and Security, Spring Semester 2016 Week 3 Crime Prevention Techniques Physical Environmental Design: changing the built thing around us o Jacobs (1950-1960s): concluded that modern cities were failing us Social problems: crime Address them by changing the way our community is structured o Oscar Newman: got modern crime prevention started He was an architect Defensible space- a model which inhibits crime by creating a physical expression of a social fabric that defends itself Make physical design changes Changes that tell people that the people who live here care enough to do something about crime Territoriality- wants physical design to say that people own and control this Animals do this as well Defend territory Sense of community- people in the area want to take care of the area and the outside people can see that Idea that physical design can make a difference: a man sees 2 complexes and one has more crime than the other, so he wonders what was different about the two same exact complexes o Higher buildings with more floors are bad while low buildings with few floors are good since you can see what is going on outside and around you 4 elements of defensible space: 1. Territoriality- attitude that people have that there are boundaries that belong to you and have others see that it is your territory a. Builds cohesiveness 2. Natural surveillance- ability to keep an eye on things through no special efforts a. Ex: be able to look out the window and see what’s going on 3. Image- built so it doesn’t look vulnerable 4. Milieu (safe areas)- area around you a. Ex: fences, windows Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Jeffery- social environment Proximate goals: increase motivation reinforcement, increase access control, increase surveillance, increase activity support (meeting a new neighbor) Formal surveillance: hiring a guard Informal task: clear sightlines, maintenance of design, open streets Crime occurs because of opportunity that underlies CPTED 1. Target 2. Risk 3. Effort 4. Payoff
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