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Soc 115 week 1

by: Natasha Notetaker

Soc 115 week 1 SOC 115

Natasha Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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First week of class
Social Problems
Frank White
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natasha Notetaker on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 115 at University of North Dakota taught by Frank White in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of North Dakota.

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Date Created: 01/29/16
Soc 115: 1/14/16 DEAL: definition, example, application, LIMITATIONS (criticism or short coming) “Social” Problems: refer to social conditions, divorce or poverty, that have negative consequences for both the individual and society and need to be addressed at the national or the collective level. • Unemployment, a company moving to china ◦ 1 year ago 9.3%? • Divorce ◦ 50% Two different levels of problems • Objective, tangible or measurable or observable. ◦ Statistics • Subjective, intangible or difficult to measure and observe ◦ perception- strongly influenced by the mass media *Sociological “Imagination” • C Wright Milles 1959 • The ability to see the impact, the influence, of social forces on both individual and social behavior. • Social Forces ◦ Politics- weed in Jamaica, sex in England ◦ Economics- depression or recession ◦ Cultural- ND binge drinking stat, perception ◦ *often invisible ◦ story about Albert Einstein, “imagination is more important than knowledge” ◦ Imagination is very creative, think outside the box, go past the familiar • Characteristics: help you to distinguish between personal troubles and *public issues ◦ Personal Trouble: Social condition that lies within an individuals range of ability ▪ unemployment ◦ *Public Issue: Social condition that lies outside an individuals range of ability ▪ unemployment, divorce ◦ Outside In Approach ▪ Paul Harvey story, The Rest of the Story, gas truck got stuck the little kid suggest popping the tires, we are not taught to think outside of the box Sociology combines the two disciplines of history and biography • Biography: Muhammed Ali, Caitlyn Jenner, Bill Cosby • History: Civil Rights Movement, Women's Movement, Sexual Revolution, Social Revolutions Sociological Paradigms/Theory: Set of fundamental assumptions that guide sociological research and thinking. (3) • Functionalism: most conservative, resistant to change, ◦ functional-positive consequence and compares society to a living organism of interdependent parts, try to explain social structure, order, and ability, MACRO • Criticisms or limitations: too conservative, too passive-explains the social problem/condition but does not offer a solution *Sociology=sociest-group or associate, group context • Sociology: Social science that scientifically studies social behavior • Father of Sociology: August Coumpt “queen of all disciplines” ◦ witnessed the French revolution ◦ school of positivism ▪ approach with a scientific perspective **Research Methods: Surveys, interviews Soc 115: 1/21&1/26 Theory Conflict: aka competition or competitive; colleges, sports, bf n gf, winners n losers, jobs • Social inequality; how it shapes american society • “Critical” perspective, aka neutral or more tolerant perspective, offers a lively sense of “inquiry”- aka ask questions, “liberal” perspective- aka liberate or free, reasoned conclusion • Rapid social change; aka revolutions, counter culture revolution, american revolution, civil rights • Criticisms; aka , tends to be political and not value free Interactionist: aka social or personal interaction • “Micro”; personal or personality • Inside out perspective; • Attach “social meanings” to behavior, Max Weber ◦ Ex. “Verstehen”; cultural understanding or insight, empathy-to feel for someone else ▪ “Symbol”ic Interactionism- meaningfully represents something else. Visual symbols- Verbal symbols- ▪ Non-verbal communication, its how we interact in a non-verbal way, body language and facial gestures • Criticisms; Its a micro scope, ignores the larger groups. Its too similar to psychology. It largely ignores the history, the social structure, and the politics Social psychology paradigm: his own philosophy on lecturing • Inside out and outside in perspective “Social” Stratification: inequality. “social”= applying the social imagination. Social construction of reality- Individual creatively and actively constructs their own version of reality through social interaction.Very active approach. Ex: Flirting, changing reality • Structured “inequality: built into the society or system or institutions. ◦ Ex. “monopoly”; Most popular game in america/the world. primer for life, tells you about life and teaches you life lessons. Everyone starts out equally, money and opportunity. Playing monopoly with sociologist: no female names, racist railroads, “chance”, jail. *Unlearn: things that are dead, negative, 3 Sociological Theories • Functionalism by Davis and Moore; ◦ “Important” jobs; medical doctor vs shoe shiner. ◦ Sacrifice and competence; some jobs require more ◦ Reward accordingly; benefits, income, status, titles, ◦ Criticisms, ▪ Inheritance laws; ▪ Celebrities and entertainers; also professional athletes. Comparing movie stars to school teachers ▪ Women, blacks, homosexual, and other minorities; excludes these groups • Conflict by Karl Marx; ◦ Social inequality and “power”; social inequality in terms of power and not numbers, ◦ Capitalism; economic system in which the means of production in largely in private hands and the main economic incentive is the maximization of profit. Karl Marx thought this was the biggest problem in terms of inequality. Competition is a big part but can be a problem. ▪ Ex: “competition” + unequal power= inequality; • Ex: women vs men, rich vs poor, blacks vs whites, ◦ False consciousness; ▪ When a group of powerless people accept a belief system, ideology, that runs counter to or against their best interest. Ex: women, not given equal opportunity. Baseball players, “anyone can hit a baseball” Media, government, etc give us false consciousness. ▪ Ex: “Opiate of the masses”; Opiate: depressant drug. Suppresses the masses. In religion, told slaves that in the after life, if you follow the path of duty, in the next life time you will be rewarded ◦ Class consciousness; ▪ Powerless group of people come to the realization that they all experience the same sense of exploitation, discrimination, or oppression. Ex: women, feminist movement or womens movement, women control the election they vote more. Ex: baseball players, Marvin Miller, labor union, strikes ▪ Ex: “Socialist revolution”; Economic system that is largely in public hands and it is accompanied by a very strong central government. When you get these people together you have a socialist revolution, people are much more equal. ▪ Capitalism → socialist revolution → soc → communism or true democracy, everyone is equal • Native American tribes ◦ Criticisms: why no socialist revolution? ▪ Labor unions; Karl Marx didn't see the rise of labor unions. Have changed the inequality for everyone. ▪ “Middle class”; Karl Marx didn't see the rise of the middle class. He only knew the rich and the poor, now we have three, or more, classes. ▪ Corporations and stockholders; Ex: cenax, the customer is the company. Workers can also be owners, people did not have that opportunity in the past. ▪ Political liberties in western democracies; Karl Marx did not see this. USSR used his principles, 1 country in human civilization voted themselves out of existence. America 1 country developed. Western democracies don't want to rebel. Ex: look at any socialist country, look how they treat their minorities, look at their poverty • Interactionism by Max Weber; ◦ Max Weber; symbolic interaction, social meanings. He has a multi disciplinary set of ranks. ◦ 3 dimensions “social class”; refers to a large group of people that rank closely in terms of wealth, power, and prestige. Ex: Oprah Winfrey, Bill Gates ▪ Ex: wealth; refers to all of the assets you have. Investments, corporate income ▪ power; the ability to impose your will on others in spite of resistance. Legitimate power, it comes with your position, authority. ▪ prestige; social honor. Ex: supreme court justice, U.S senator, actuary, mother teresa. Achieved social status, a deed or task or job title. ◦ Criticisms: ▪ Status “inconsistency”; Ex: a lot of wealth and power but no prestige. • Ex: Babe Ruth vs President Wilson; first professional athlete to make more money than the president of the United States = status inconsistency. • Micheal Jordan: professional athlete, made more money than the entire country of Jordan. First billionaire in sports. Harvey Gant, asked MJ to come home and endorse Gant for the election. • Oprah Winfrey: power to make people millions, ▪ *Some peoples social class is hereditary. Poverty: • Misconceptions and stereotypes; • Mass media bias; • Difficult to measure; very mobile population, living with parents. Ex: Minnesota, a lot of services. ◦ Ex: “absolute”; lacking basic necessities for life; food, clothing, and shelter ◦ vs “relative” poverty; “it depends” upon time, circumstance, and culture. • What is the official poverty “line”? 45, department of agriculture. How much it would cost for a family of 4 to have 3 healthy, balanced meals a day? • Criticisms of this measure? ◦ We don't always have a hard number. Socio-historical View: • Before the “great depression”; before 1930, poverty was handled by local sources ◦ Ex: The local church or school would help. Veteran, illness • Handled locally; Great Depression 1929-1945: • Society failed, not individual; 45% unemployment. Rent strikes, people living in apartments would stop paying rent and would not leave. These people would live on the streets after being kicked out, then they would head west because the local church couldn't help everyone. ◦ Ex: “grapes of wrath”; FDR's “New Deal”: • Social security act; unemployment benefits, when they turn 65 • CCC; civilian ◦ Ex: shelter belts. • WPA; works project administration ◦ Swimming pools, parks Poverty in the 1960s: • Became a national concern; • Focus on “how” poverty occurs; ◦ Ex: race and gender;


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