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Background on Disney

by: Miranda Tyson

Background on Disney 2109

Miranda Tyson
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About this Document

These notes cover the background information on Disney, Terms and the four early years of Disney.
Disney and Children's Literature
Dr. Paula Connolly
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miranda Tyson on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2109 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Dr. Paula Connolly in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Disney and Children's Literature in Foreign Language at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.

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Date Created: 01/29/16
English 2109: Children’s Lit and Disney Terms: 1. Cross-writing: appealing to all audiences 2. Disney fiction: “Disney cleaned up the stories” so that they have happy endings and they are not complex 3. Live action: action in films involving real people or animals 4. Animation: a type of filmmaking in which successive drawings or models re photographed to create illusion of motion 5. Thaumatrope: a card with different pictures on opposite sides that appear to blend into one picture when card is twirled 6. Persistence of vision: the eye’s ability t retain an image for a fraction of a second after the object is gone 7. Kineograph: patented in 18688 8. Flick book: early flipbook 9. Flipbook: a book with a series of pictures that vary gradually, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, they simulate motion (dies in 1933) 10.Normative/primary world: realistic world of the story 11.Secondary/ fantastic world: magical world of the story 12.Pantomime: actors use physicality, NOT words examples: gestures, exaggerated facial expressions 13.Gags: prank or trick, a joke or an amusing story or scene 14.Cycles: reusing a scene, especially a chase scene or background action, saves money and time 15.Pun: a humorous play on words with more than one meaning 16.Felix the cat: a Pat Sullivan cartoon, Otto Messimer was the animator, studio owned cartoon Background on Disney:  Working at the Kansas City Film Advertising Co (1921)  Meets Ub Iwerks  Makes animated commercial for Kansas City  Newman Laugh- O- Grams (1922) sold them to Newman theater  Laugh-O-Gram was Disney’s first company at 21 years old The early years: Getting to Mickey Mouse 1. Laugh-O Gram Fairy Tales (1922)  Company that paid him went bankrupt and Disney did not get the money he expected ( bad business deal)  Educational film “Tommy Ticker’s Tooth” 1922 (live action and profitable)  Out of the Inkwell series (KoKo the clown) 2. “Alice” Cartoons  Live action and animation  60 Alice cartoons  Virginia Davis  Live actor goes into the animated worl  Alice Wonderland 3. Oswald, The lucky Rabbit (1927-1928)  Charles Mintz helps him distribute through Universal Studios  26 Cartoons a year for 2 years  Cartoons typically include new machines  Romance and rivals  Violence seen as comedy/ jokes  Silent, but words in the film on the screen  20% budget cut=they won the characters not Disney 4. Mickey Mouse (1928)  In 1928 Disney returns to California from New York meeting with Minz and he comes up with “the birth of the mouse”, original name of the mouse is Mortimer  Walter and UB sketched Mickey Mouse  Original Mickey in Plane Crazy (1928) Terms for Oswald: 1. Anthropomorphism: giving something non-human characters, it becomes a character 2. Personification: it is only figure of speech (simile or metaphor) 3. Lack of body integrity: when the body has been taken a part or stretched on film the reassembled 4. Puns (verbal): a humorous play on words that have more than one meaning 5. Visual pun: example “The-End” 6. Story sketches: piece of paper divided into sections and sketched 7. Story board: easy to replace sketches if the plan changes 8. Metaficiton: a story, film or character that acknowledges that it is fiction


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