New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CDAE 002: Week 2

by: Molly Skrable

CDAE 002: Week 2 CDAE 002

Molly Skrable

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Week 2! Covers development and globalization, shaping human behavior through structure vs. agency, and Cotton!
World Food, Population and Development
Dr. Shoshanah Inwood
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in World Food, Population and Development

Popular in Human Development

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Skrable on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CDAE 002 at University of Vermont taught by Dr. Shoshanah Inwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 174 views. For similar materials see World Food, Population and Development in Human Development at University of Vermont.

Similar to CDAE 002 at UVM

Popular in Human Development


Reviews for CDAE 002: Week 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/29/16
World, Food, Population and Sustainable Development Week 2 Development and Globalization What are the advantages of developing and globalizing the textile industry for developing countries? - Job creation for low-skilled workers - The pay is higher than traditional agriculture - There is potential to learn new technical skills What are the disadvantages? - Advancement opportunities are limited for many workers - There is no accounting for environmental and mental and physical health costs - The ownership is foreign and the plants are mobile (they want the workers to move the second they ask) Workers Segmentation - Segmented by Race, Religion, Ethnicity, Age, Gender - Ex) Segmentation by Race o Filipino migrant workers came to Hawaii for many reasons… o Began to take Hawaiians’ jobs- Hawaii sugar planters preferred Filipinos over Hawaiians § Pitting them against each other § Factories could pay Filipinos less, also cheaper to import them to Hawaii - Ex 2) Segmentation by Gender o Factories tend to hire women over men § Men tend to be managers • More likely to be rebellious, restless, more likely to unionize § Women are “biologically suited for assembly work” • More docile, willing to comply • Age o Girls below 30 are easier to train and adapt quicker (older and married women have too many obligations) o DON’T HAVE TO PAY WOMEN AND CHILDREN AS MUCH AS MEN How to Shape Human Behavior Structure vs. Agency Structure: relationships, institutions, and elements of social structure that work together to shape the thought, behavior, and choices of people - Limits the choices and opportunities available - Individual lives are shaped by o Economic policies, Trade agreements, Job opportunities, the Quality of Education, Family, Values, and Culture § These shape and constain the behaviors Agency: power of individuals to act independently of the determining constraints of the social structure - Individuals can act independently and make their own free choices - Based on individual thoughts, actions and power - Act INDEPENDENTLY Who profits? Differences between manufacturing How much does it cost to make a shirt in Bangladesh? $3.72 (Laundry- $0.20, Materials- $3.30, Labor costs- $0.22) What about the US? $13.22 (Laundry- $0.75, Materials- $5.00, Labor costs- $7.47) Those differences in labor costs are astonishing… Workplace conditions in a sweat shop: low wages, long work hours, health and or safety hazards, arbitrary discipline by managers, no job security, physical abuse, no voice in government, child labor COTTON Environmental Impacts - Water o Needs 7,000-29,000 liters water per kg of cotton, compared to wheat that only needs 900 l/kg o Channel Irrigation (taking from rivers) or Overhead Irrigation o Top cotton producing countries are all going through freshwater withdrawal - Pesticides o Cotton pesticides are 25% of the global insecticide market o Impact of freshwater ecosystems § Drift and Soil Contamination lead to the surface water being contaminated § Runoff and drainage water lead to groundwater contamination Social Impacts of Cotton - Who harvests it? - Uzbekistan & Cotton Production o Economic impacts: fish industry no more § Unemployment § Loss of fishing industry leads to no jobs • Leads to no reinvestment into the society o Social impacts § Children being forced to labor rather than go to school § Affected with diseases caused by pesticides o Political Impacts § Government controls the market (dictatorship) § Concentration of wealth in the elite of business and government § No freedom of press or information o Environmental Impacts § ARAL SEA!!!!!! Dried out • Contaminated water, air § Pesticides lead to birth defects CAPITALISM How to Make a Profit - Labor is considered a commodity to be purchased or rented - To make a profit, need to keep the money spend on input as low as possible (minimize production costs) Working Class Laborer - Mobility (free to move) - Discipline (subject to new kinds of discipline and control) - Resistance - Segmentation (divided by race, ethnicity, age and gender)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.