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Abnormal Psychology

by: Emily Miya

Abnormal Psychology Psyc 341

Emily Miya
Cal State Fullerton
GPA 3.07
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About this Document

Cal State Fullerton Lisa Mori Week 1
Abnormal Psychology
Lisa Mori
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Miya on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 341 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Lisa Mori in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at California State University - Fullerton.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Abnormal Psychology or Psychopathology [January 26, 2016] -definition of psychopathology -is the study of the nature and development of atypical or unusual behavior s thoughts and feelings that interfere with adaptive functioning in a major area of life -mental illnesses or psychiatric/ psychological disorders -psychopathology -is not insanity -insanity is a legal term and has no clinical meaning -insanity at the time of the act in question the person was mentally compromised in the moment they could not tell right from wrong [legal definition] -challenges -tolerance for ambiguity: answers are in the grey area there is no right or wrong -retaining objectivity: some of the subject manner will be distressing, cannot be emotionally involved -closeness to the subject manner: we thin, feel, and act. Familiarity can create preconceived notions which creates bias -need to be aware of one’s biases Notes continued… [January 28, 2016] -problems in defining abnormal behavior -no necessary condition, this refers to a lack of a single element shared by all cases of abnormality -if it existed would be a universal red flag -there is no single condition that can be used for every person for an exact case -no sufficient condition- no single element that distinguishes normality from abnormality -single action or thought that only occurs when people are mentally ill, this does not exist -possible blood test for depression -what is abnormal behavior -behaviors outside the norm or usual range of a given society or culture, usually associated with emotional distress or dysfunction -it exists in all cultures -varies both within and across cultures -sub cultures also factor in; makes a lot of variations -example: Asian culture lack of emotion in the culture therefore depression is diagnosed as physical symptoms verse. African Americans who are very expressive -pathology stats in USA -close to 46% of americans will meet criteria for a diagnosable psychological disorder [or mental illness] at some point in their lives -annually 26% or 1 in 4 individuals in the US general population suffer from a psychological disorder -psychopathology stats -the US had the highest rates of psychological disorders among 17 countries studies -we are ranked number one due to the fact that that our culture is very stressed out and strict -US women are more likely than men to be affected by mental illness -young adults [ages 18-25] are twice as likely to suffer from a psychological disorder that are people over 50 -relationships -college/ financial situations -trying to find oneself -more independence/ the unknown -biology: age for diagnosis of mental illnesses -abnormal behavior: defining criteria of psychopathology 1. unusualness -statistical rarity or uncommon in the population 2. social defiance -behaviors that are both rare and undesirable within a given context and are often labeled abnormal, especially when these case distress upset or irritation to others 3. faulty perceptions or interpretations of reality -hallucinations or delusions are indicative of mental illness. Disorientation to person place time and situation are also indicative of problems 4. significant personal distress -when feelings of distress become so severe that they impair function and persist for long after the source of distress has been resolved or ended 5. maladaptive or self-defeating -when an individual acts out in ways that undermine adaptive functioning or leads to unhappiness 6. dangerousness -psychopathology is usually evident when a person behaves in a manner that threatens their own life or that of others Review of problems in defining abnormal behavior -statistical infrequency or rarity of unusualness -is the use of frequency ratios to identify atypical behaviors in the population limitation: no consideration of whether behavior is harmful or adaptive -social deviance -is judging the behavior in the context in which it occurs, social consensus is needed to identify if a behavior is socially deviant or in violation of norms -limitation: in a multicultural society something deemed appropriate by one group may be deemed deviant by another -faulty perceptions or interpretations of reality -technically refers to neurologically inaccurate sensory perception sand/or cognitive misinterpretations of sensory perceptions such as hallucinations or delusions -limitation: depending on the situation what appears to be faulty perceptions may not necessarily be true -significant personal distress -is the subjective experience of intense emotional pain and suffering -limitation: misses cases in which the individual does not identify with his/her own thought or behaviors as problematic -maladaptive -Wakefield’s harmful dysfunction concept: -the condition causes harm to the person -and the condition results from dysfunction of a mental process


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