Week 2 Notes: January 25-29
Week 2 Notes: January 25-29 ENGL 2250 - 001
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ENGL 2250 - 001
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callisa Ruschmeyer on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2250 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Julia Tigner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see American Literature before 1865 in Foreign Language at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Week of January 25 th Final Notes on Winthrop (1/25) Final Prescription (page 116) The Final Prescription basically states what to do in order to glorify god o Comes directly from the Bible- Matthew 5:14 o City upon on hill- all eyes will be on them so they need to set a great example o Winthrop is concerned about how England sees them- they need to prove themselves in the New World o By-word- this community needs to survive and set an example or else they will tarnish the reputation of God and they will be scorned by the English There is a possibility of failure, but they needed to do this Other Notes Story of Elisha- page 107 o Parable o Relation to Winthrop- the Puritans need to give their all to God and their community; the community will survive if everyone will do this This backs up their government of a Theocracy Winthrop vs. JFK and Reagan (1/25) JFK- America needs to be the leader in the Cold War just like the Puritans in America; we should lead other nations Reagan- uses the city upon a hill as a way to portray America as superior to other nations Factual Errors- o Winthrop is not imagining America- he is looking for a community o Reagan and JFK are not basing their opinions based on a Theocracy JFK- technological aspects of making America a powerhouse o Technology is a focus o Democracy Reagan o Utopia (that will never happen) o Open to outsiders o Everyone living in peace and harmony Which is more accurate? JFK o JFK uses the Winthrop's ideas to build up his own o Reagan just uses Winthrop's ideas Bradstreet Discussion Questions (1/27) Class Notes Anne Bradstreet is often considered the first American poet Certainly the first woman poet to publish a book of poetry Her book was published by her brother-in-law We infer that she did not know that it was going to be published She was very personal in her poems- they were not intended to be shared The Tenth Muse Only 9 muses in Greek philosophy "The Prologue" (pages 134-137) 1. Tone and Theme of Stanzas 1-3 Theme: sad, humbling (her writing), self-deprecating (herself), inferiority The theme of these first stanzas has to do with discrimination and the gender inequalities seen in this early time period. "for my mean pen are too superior things"- her writing is not as important as men's politics or government Recognizes that writing is a man's job Her tone is slightly sardonic and annoyed- melancholy, somewhat apologetic "my foolish, broken, blemish'd Muse so sings" 2. Paraphrasing Stanza 5 Line 1- I am rude to the people who talk against me Line 2- why is it understood that I should have a needle in my hand Line 3- I am wrong to be using a pen instead Line 4- Women are cast away if they display their intelligence Line 5- Even if I write well, I will not be able to do anything with what I write Line 6- People will say I stole what someone else wrote or what I wrote just happened to be well written Overall- She is bringing out what is. Even if she is a good writer, she will not get credit because she is a woman Gender tensions- things are the way they are because God wills it People will not believe it was her writing and that it was all do to chance Key word- obnoxious: Is Bradstreet going beyond her sphere saying she could be a poet instead of just accepting her sewing/womanly tasks 3. Transition of content through the stanzas. Why? Stanza 7- men have preeminence over woman, but woman can add another element to poetry that men simply cannot She is using the Greeks to bring more irony into her poem. The Greek Muses were all women. She questions men as to why women could inspire, but not write on their own. Stanza 8- She brings up Winthrop's idea about bettering the whole- "…Will make your glist'ring gold but more to shine." Not looking for recognition- just wants to be acknowledged for talent as a woman Asks for bays- give me spices that I can use in the kitchen (which is where you think I belong) 4. Explain lines 3-4 from stanza 8 She just wants recognition for her work- she does not want a huge award, or the award for having amazing poems. She just wants to be able to write and show people what she is writing. 5. Bradstreet thinks that women should have every opportunity to write and express themselves. With that being said, she does realize that her writings will never be as great as a man's, but at least give them a chance to be inferior to them Delineating feminine sphere of poetry- apologetic about position as a woman poet She apologizes but still recognizes herself as a poet Role as a woman poet- by the end of the poem, she has a newfound confidence about her writings She recognizes her position as a woman, but she is also humble due to being in a male dominant society "The Author to Her Book" (page 142) 1. Metaphor in this poem? The metaphor in this particular poem is comparing Bradstreet's book to an offspring 2. "rambling brat"? Bradstreet uses these particular words to explain that her works are ill-formed and naughty for being made public. Brat has a negative connotation; Bradstreet uses this to express disappoint about the situation 3. Explain lines 156-165 Bradstreet explains that her poems are not perfect but she still loves them (like one would love his imperfect child) 4. Implications of the line 169 If anyone asks about these poems, Bradstreet will not claim them as her own It would be called an illegitimate child- which was a social injustice Compares writing poetry to childbirth Bradstreet is stepping out of her roles as a woman which is radical during this time period- she negotiates what it means to be a woman But her feelings toward her poetry…proud but not quite ready to be published (love/hate relationship) Feminine sphere is at the center 5. Bradstreet is in a love/hate relationship with her works. By comparing them to a child it allows her ideas that no matter what happens, she will always love her book, but may not always be proud of it. This reveals the role of woman in this time period to almost hide their true emotions. Women were expected to only do what would make them great- and not anything less. Compared to the previous poem: there is a sense of pride still, but many more tensions In this poem, she is more assertive when claiming her poetry; does not apologize as much for it Proto-feminist- seen in both of these works In sum, this poem is comparing her book to a bastard child; she has these feelings because the book was published without her permission and the poems were very raw and unfinished; she did not feel like her poems were ready to be seen by the public yet "Before the Birth of One of Her Children" (page 142-143) 1. Who is Bradstreet writing to? Her husband- we only discover this toward the end of the poem when she expresses her love for him and their children 2. Afraid of? Not so much afraid of dying, but more afraid of leaving her life behind and who will care for her children Bradstreet is afraid of death- she starts to become sentimental and expresses her worry for her husband and children 3. Instructions concerning her children? She wants to be remembered as the good mother she was and have them protected from a nasty stepmother and her "injury" She worries about a nasty step mother- but wants her children to have another mother, not necessarily her husband have another wife Simply just take care of my kids 4. Concerns for her husband? She wants him to take another woman for her children to have another mother- not for him to have another wife (this is her main concern) She wants to be remembered by him for the good woman she was. 5. What role does her faith play? I think it is understood that Bradstreet knows that, although she is gone, he will continue to look over her family and husband and assist them in any way he can as a way to replace her. Divine Providence- God wills her death; she does not worry about dying; she just wants to ensure her memory is still fresh "A Letter to Her Husband, Absent Upon Public Employment" (page 144) 1. Tone and Mood Tone- saddening and sentimental; romantic Mood- somber but hopefully 2. Weather Husband is away on business Husband represents summer (and north); wife represents winter (and south) The weather is during the winter season. It seems that Bradstreet compared life and events to the horrible conditions of winter (cold and stormy) but her husband as the light and heat that saves her. Line 1: represents the husband; feels empty without him She alludes to the zodiac signs- Cancer (summer) and Capricorn (winter) "Here Follows Some Verses Upon the Burning of Our House July 10th, 1666 (pages 146-147 1. Initial reaction to house burning? She is extremely startled and quite in distress She is upset- but eventually realizes that it was God's will (Divine Providence) "my heart did cry" ; "distress; the shouting of Fire! 2. Lines 19-20 compared to the lines that follow? She begins the poem by telling the story of the fire. After this shift, she starts to reminisce and remember what life was like inside the house The lines translated- God took away material objects, but he left what truly matters: their lives and love and his presence The house is her domain so it holds a more significant domain to her than her husband 3. Who is Bradstreet asking in 38-40? Why? She is asking God She asks him these questions in order to remember that earth is not her true home and that no matter what, one day she will return to Heaven, her actual home Divine Providence- God's Will Doctrine of weaned affections- she is upset about losing her personal belongings, but she remembers that God willed her house to be burned and she should not be worrying about materialistic things "The world no longer let me love, My hope and Treasure lies above"- example of her letting go of worldly pleasures "On My Dear Grandchild, Simon Bradstreet…" (PDF) 1. Bradstreet's attitude toward grandson's death? She does not particularly find contentment in death, but she knows that the dead go toward God and he will keep them safe and happy. She mourns the losses that she has too, but thinks optimistically that they are among brothers and sisters with God. "Such was his will, but why, let's not dispute"- the reason her grandson was taken is unknown, but mortal people should not question God's will Let's- more inclusive; she puts the command upon herself as well as others because not only is her family questioning God's will, but she is as well 2. Response to God God is so good that they should be in "awe before him" Bradstreet realizes it is not her job to question God's reasons for taking this child from earth, but he obviously did it for a bigger reason and she is in awe of that 3. Compare and Contrast to "To Author to Her Book" She claims this child; she does not claim to be the author of her book In this poem, Bradstreet is more content with the events in her life In "To Author to Her Book" she is more opposed to her life and the publishing of her poems The tone of "To Author to Her Book" is more hateful and discontent Metaphor used: Children are flowers and God is the gardener Mary Rowlandson’s Captivity Narrative (1/29) Class Notes First Indian captivity narrative Violence is definitely prevalent o Shown through visual descriptions Beings in medias res- in the middle of things Because she does not provide reason for her captivity, we need to consider that in how we perceive the Wampanoag natives o Makes us think that the natives are violent and barbaric Context was King Phillip's War- considered the bloodiest war The food becomes "savory"- because she is starving- but says it was God's will for it to taste so good Descriptions of Natives Savages Barbaric- their dancing and hollering Eat nasty food Some women are nice to her- but that is just because of God's Will Ravenous bears Merciless Heathens Omitted Context No motivations of war Brief inclusions that her husband going to get help- very ironic situation She only includes material that makes the Natives look worse than the English Her Experience She sees it as a test from God Confused as to why this happened to her- only justification is that it was God's Will
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