Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Bonine and Hulshof ECOL 406R506R Fall 2007 Conservation Biology 22 September 2007 Suggested Review Topics for First Exam 100 points on Thursday 27 September 2007 Please review your readings and lecture notes for material through 25 September 2007 but not Ch5 material Your exam will take place in two parts The rst will be a typical individual exam which should take you about 50 minutes The second part will be about 25 minutes in groups of four students on a short set of additional questions See your syllabus for grading details The following questions were generated as I looked through my lectures there may be information about a topic in more than one lecture If there is a topic we didn t discuss in lecture then I probably won t ask about it on the exam unless it is a major concept or idea from your assigned readings 21 Aug 2007 1 Why does the dynamic nature of ecosystems create problems for conservation biologists 2 What does an ecological footprint mean 3 What are the biggest contributors to an individual s ecological footprint 4 What besides personal choices can in uence the size of an ecological footprint 5 De ne ecosystem service and give three examples 6 What are you planning to do foryour creativity project later in the semester 23 Aug 2007 7 Distinguish between conservation and preservation 8 What are the pros and cons of using intrinsic value in arguments for conserving biodiversity 9 Highlight three differences between the idea of a romantictranscendentalist ethic and a resource conservation ethic 10 De ne ethic Why is discussion of ethics relevant to conservation biology 11 Succinctly describe Aldo Leopold s Land Ethic 12 What is Leopold s AB Cleavage 13 For what research is Rachel Carson well known 14 If Conservation Biology is value laden and mission driven is it therefore not science 15 Why has human population skyrocketed in the past 200 years 16 Explain the IPAT equation and its utility 28 Aug 2007 17 Why did the class ecological footprint average of 16 acres person change to 10 acresperson when pretending to be from a different country 18 Who do you think cares the most about the answer to the question Is Conservation Biology a distinct discipline Why 19 What is the Precautionary Principle 20 Will economic development programs always trump conservation proposals 21 What is the Madagascar Periwinkle Argument and why are some conservation biologists opposed to its use 22 Explain why aesthetic beauty is an instrumental value 23 Why does a positive discount rate present a challenge to conservation biologists 24 Why might valuation methods that rely on willingness to pay or willingness to accept compensation be suspect 25 Why does shifting the burden of proof make a difference to conservation biologists 26 How is the global economy related to global ecosystems 27 How did I argue that the evolution of rights has bearing on conservation biology Bonine and Hulshof ECOL 406R506R Fall 2007 30 Aug 2007 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Does Rolston believe that conservation of species is enough What lesson would Leopold teach us if he was evaluating the implications of plastic trees in medians in Los Angeles Why do we say that anthropogenic disturbances happen at a different scale than natural perturbations Is this correct De ne Tragedy of the Commons and give an example Choose two of the religious traditions we discussed in class and evaluate their teachings in the context of Conservation Biology What does Leopold argue are the implications for Farm as Place to Live vs Farm as Factory Explain the ecological lesson Leopold professes to have learned in Thinking Like aMouniain 04 Sept 2007 35 36 37 Much of the Leopold content was discussed in this lecture What important points can you take from his writings What conclusion do Costanza et al come too in their paper Do you think their numbers are correct What is the takehome message of the Driessen paper on DDT and malaria How does this lesson impact conservation biology 06 Sept 2007 Guy McPherson 38 39 40 41 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 What is the fth spike Which of the four spikes now does not meet the original de nition of a spike Explain the concept of Peak Oil What is meant by the ubermensch How does it relate to Leopold s writings 42 43 What is meant by Runaway Greenhouse Approximately how much money did McPherson say would be needed to protect 70 of the world s species forever Do you agree with this amount What percent of the products of photosynthesis do humans now use in some way How many great apes exist in the world today as compared to humans The US comprises what percent of the world s population Are we doomed by our evolutionary heritage to destroy the planet Relatively speaking how much money wasis spent on the Iraq war relative to the value of oil in Iraq How might someone argue that this question misses the point De ne externality subsidy and NIMBY What s a Locatarian How many of the world s people live on less than 3day Why is this relevant to conservation biology De ne phenology How are global climate change phenology and conservation related Walther et al paper 11 Sept 2007 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 De ne biodiversity Are all habitat types in the world subject to similar human threats How many species are on the endangered species list in the US What percent of those are Hawaiian endemics Most species of multicellular organisms are thought to be if Are there generalities we can make about species richness and latitude or altitude What factors seem to be correlated with high levels of biodiversity Which of these two are the primary drivers of the distribution and abundance of species everywhere What is the biggest threat to biodiversity 60 61 62 63 Bonine and Hulshof ECOL 406R506R Fall 2007 Explain the species area relationship Is it linear on nonlog axes What are the implications of your answer Explain using a graph Rosenzweig s threestep loss of biodiversity De ne species Justify your de nition How is a keystone species different than an umbrella species 13 Sept 2007 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 Explain alpha beta and gamma diversity Can you come up with a better graphical representation than your text to explain these If given a set of data could you calculate the Shannon Diversity index How is this index useful or not useful How is a functional type different from a functional analog Can you give an example What use is Whittaker s Measure Are all species equivalent Justify your answer Explain a situation wherein adaptive radiation and endemism are related What is the edgeeffect To what do the components of this equation refer RDUdeltaP C How many orders of reptiles are there Are any of these in trouble In what decade did NEPA ESA Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act come into being What was the implication of the TVA vs Hill case in 1978 How does a conservation easement work What is meant by EA EIS FONSI and CatEx 18 Sept 2007 Brian Powell 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 What is the SDCP How is it related to the ESA and Section 10 What is a MSCP What is an HCP What is adaptive management and how is monitoring related How do inventory and monitoring differ Why is southern Arizona so biologically rich Approximately what percent of species in Pima Co rely on riparian areas What percent of riparian areas are still intact in Arizona Why is the Pima Co Parks and Recreation Department now one of the biggest ranchers in Pima Co What did Powell say was important about thresholds and abiotic components in the environment 20 Sept 2007 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 Should the Flattailed Horned Lizard be ESA listed Why or why not Who wrote the 2003 Management Plan that you were assigned to read part of Who paid for it What are biggest threats to the Flattailed Horned Lizard In how many states can you nd this lizard How might military lands in the US contribute to conservation of this and other species Are there components of the US government that are exempt from the ESA Describe three characteristics of an effective oral argument What is the process by which a species can become ESA listed Does politics play a role 25 Sept 2007 94 Suerte There may be a few obvious exam questions that arise in lecture on Tues 25 September from material in Chapter 2 that are not covered in this list of questions Think about that during that lecture and while you study
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