Notes from Week 2
Notes from Week 2 1130
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Cairo on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1130 at Brown University taught by Richard Arenberg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see The American Presidency in Political Science at Brown University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
American Presidency – Class day 2 – Presidential Powers and the Constitution This Week in Washington Iowa Caucus o Republican Cruz beat trump by 4 percentage points Large turnout for the republicans Should be good for trump but was better for cruz Cruz ground game was strong – got his people to the caucuses – that’s why he won Donald trump and ted Cruz broke existing records for turnout and votes won Marco Rubio other winner Exceeded expectations, polling Won the establishment vote – very good start Will do better in New Hampshire b/c of this New Hampshire very important for: Chris Christie, Jeb Bush, and John Kasich Important to watch who gets third because that means they get the establishment Loser? Trump did not perform up to expectations Very gracious in concession o Democrat Dead Heat - Clinton got 22 delegates and Sanders got 21 Beginning about optics – try to get more momentum, but really about the delegates 2383 delegates to win the nomination South Carolina is the third primary – Hillary’s firewall Minority vote is on her side Real Firewall for Hillary – super-delegates*** 713 elected officials and members of the DNC and they are overwhelmingly for Clinton o Iowa is unrepresentative of America, especially Democratic party…same with New Hampshire Trump-free republican debate Obama Administration said that 22 of Hillary Clinton’s emails are now classified Top Secret o Over-classification – problem in the executive branch Jeopardizes national security because it is a low bar Avoid embarrassment Presidential Powers and the Constitution Power of president comes from Article 2 of Constitution o 1. Power of the executive in the president o section 2: Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy Permission for presidential action without congressional approval? 2 Negotiate treaties Appoint ambassadors Make recess appointments o Historical – in case of emergency when senate is out of session o Today - Circumvent the senate and the filibuster Power to reprieve or pardon federal offenses except impeachments o section 3: State of the union address – has become annual report to congress o Vague and ambiguous and less explicit and less comprehensive than the legislative branch o Expected the legislature to be the leader of the three branches How did the president assume that role? New technology One person making decisions – more efficient for emergency actions Ambiguity** - room for interpretation, able to push the envelope Political skill, gaining the support of the public and important political figures Presidents are not all powerful – presidential campaign makes you believe otherwise o Lots of promises – when elected don’t actually have the ability o barriers to executive power Congress** - especially when the other party controls congress 3 Supreme court – can strike down some executive actions if they are outside of constitutional powers Federalism – powers shared among different levels of government 4
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