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POLS 2312-001 Lecture Notes for Chapter One [Full]

by: M.G

POLS 2312-001 Lecture Notes for Chapter One [Full] POLS 2312-001

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > POLS 2312-001 > POLS 2312 001 Lecture Notes for Chapter One Full
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State and Local Government
Kimberly Harper
Class Notes
POLS 2312, chapter one, Kimberly Harper
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 120 views.

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Date Created: 01/29/16
Political Culture  The three definitions of politics:  1. The process by which we form a public policy  2. Who gets what, when, and how.  3. Michael Foucault ­ War by other means.    Political culture ­ shared beliefs, attitudes, etc.    Types of Political Culture  1. Moralistic  a. Northeastern states are a prime example of a moralistic political culture  2. Individualistic  a. Texas is individualistic  3. Traditionalistic  a. Texas is also traditionalistic    Political Conflict  Influenced by:  1. Scarce resources  a. Money  b. Time  2. Different values/opinions  a. Education funding    Six Flags Flown  1. Spain  2. France  3. Mexico  4. Texas  5. Confederate States  6. United States    Most Americans are ​ moderate​ , falling in the middle of the spectrum. At the ends are  conservative (Ted Cruz) and liberal.    Land & People  1. Our land ​and ​our people are big and diverse.  a. Diversity allows for a vast amount of industry  b. We have mountains, basins, plains, the coast, and more that contributes to this  diversity of land  c. Cattle, cotton, oil, and timber are our land­based industries.  i. 14 million cattle in state  ii. #1 in cattle production  iii. We produce 10% of world cotton  iv. We produce 50% of US cotton  v. Oil is regulated by the R​ ailroad Commission  vi. Agency capture is when an agency that is supposed to regulate an industry  instead capture it for their own profit.  vii. Example: Fracking, FDA  d. Texas is 2nd in population only to California  i. 27 million people in the state. Does not include 3­4mil illegal population.  ii. Harris County is most populated in the state with 4mil people.  iii. Loving County is smallest, with 80 people.   e. Texas is diverse in people  i. Caucasian, anglo, czech, german, latino   ii. Latino is the fastest growing population in the state and country.  iii.  African American rate is a steady 11­12%  iv. Asian population is well­represented in universities  v. Native American reservation and casino, southwest TX  vi. TX has one of the largest middle eastern populations in the country.  Economics  1. Energy\  a. oil & gas  i. 3 of the 4 major oil/gas corporations are located in TX  ii. Fracking; Air, water, land pollution…  b. wind   i. 8% of our state energy  2. High­tech  a. HP, Texas Instruments, etc…  b. Great pay, benefits  3. Biotechnology  a. Bread, cheese, wine  b. Vaccines  c. Problem solving in agriculture.  4. Service  a. #1 provider of jobs in the state.  b. Low­paying  c. Low benefits  5. Agriculture  a. Beef, grain, cotton.  b. $22 billion in agriculture   6. Trade  a. North American Free Trade Agreement ­ Mexico, Canada, U.S  b. Maquiladoras ­ factory plants on the Mexico side  c. Colonias ­ Severe pockets of poverty along the border.  i. Cities will not annex them because of costs to city.    Challenges  1. Immigration  2. Water concerns  a. Drought  b. Infrastructure,  3. Environmental concerns  a. Delicate balance between business and environment  b. #1 for water, air, etc pollution.  c. TX is very pro­business.  4. Poverty and Social Issues  a. Homeless  b. Working poor  c. TX is a low tax and low service state  i. Low service = low spending  ii. Worst in mental health service funding.        


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