Buddhism weeks 1-3
Buddhism weeks 1-3 THEO-368
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marjolijn on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEO-368 at Xavier University taught by Karen Enriquez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Buddhism in Religious Studies at Xavier University.
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I'm really struggling in class and this study guide was freaking crucial. Really needed help, and Marjolijn delivered. Shoutout Marjolijn, I won't forget!
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Buddhism ﬁrst 3 weeks - no one holds the fullness of truth - avoid being narrow minded & bound to present views. Four noble truths of Buddhism: 1. Life is “dukkha” (suffering/dissatisfaction) 2. Causes of suffering 3. The end of suffering: Nirvana 4. The 8-fold path There is no “one Buddhism” - Therevada Buddhism: Tradition of the Elders - Mahayana Traditions (pure land and zen) - Vajrayana Traditions (Indo-Tibetan Buddhism) - Buddhism in the west Dates for the Buddha’s life: 6th-5th century BCE, India 566-486 BCE or 488-368 BCE or 480-400 BCE VEDIC PERIOD - belief in the Vedas - sacred scriptures Brahmanism - Dharma - Caste system Brahmins: priests Karma: positive of negative actions Ascetics/shramanas - Movements Cetana - “Motivations, intentions” ——————————————————————————————————————— The wheel symbolizes the ﬁrst Sermon of the Buddha. —> 8 spokes: the 8-fold path —> 3 swirls in the middle: 3 refuges End of suffering: nirvana. The 8-fold path leads you there. Life is suffering • Pervasiveness of suffering - dissatisfaction • This unsatisfactoriness of the conditioned is due to its impermanence, its vulnerability to pain, and its inability to provide complete and lasting satisfaction. Impermanence - Cosmic level - Middle range - Microscopic level ——————————————————————————————————————— No-self/Selﬂessness: wrong notion: - Doesn’t mean we don’t exist - Gets rid of ego-centered self, vanquish a self that is “bad” Sunya = empty Synyatá = emptiness - Because we change and are impermanent, we cannot maintain an identity. So we don’t have a self. - Humans have a tendency to identify with limited sense of existence. Belief in individual small self is a root illusion that causes suffering. - Gap between things in themselves and the concepts we have of them. Gap between reality & concepts. - We don’t exist in a ﬁxed way. The doctrine of no-self aims at bringing to light the “inter being nature of things.” There is no solid, substantial or “unchanging ‘ME’” to be found.
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