History 150: Medieval Religion
History 150: Medieval Religion 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
2/1/16: Medieval Religion Medieval Religion: Important Christian Activities during the High Middle Ages ***test questions*** Pilgrimage. o A journey to a place (shrine, church, cathedral or monastery) that contained relics. o Important pilgrimage sites. Rome. Second greatest destination. Contained relics of Christian martyrs. Closer to home. Jerusalem. Major destiny for travelers. Canterbury. Seeking assistance from a saint. Expected to leave a gift: monetary donation. o Pilgrimage and Commercialism. Religious spiritual exercise, however, the gain in popularity turned into commercialism. Different places would do different things to get pilgrims to travel there. o Display of gifts left by other pilgrims. o Books of miracles o display. Opportunity to make money. o Sell themselves as guides around the city and to places where they pilgrims should go. o Sold maps. o Creation and sale of pilgrim’s badges. o Selling of relics as souvenirs. Tainting of what was supposed to be a religious experience. Relics. o The remains or personal effect of a saint. o Extremely valuable object. o Reliquary: house for the relics. o Contains special and cultural powers. th th Late 12 13 centuries. o Tremendous period of building Gothic cathedrals, particularly in France. Cathedrals. More stone used into building cathedrals than the Egyptians used to build the pyramids. Merchants raised money to provide funding to build the cathedrals. o Master masons supervised construction. 2/1/16: Medieval Religion o Skilled craftsmen involved in the actual construction of the buildings. o Roofers. o Glassmakers. o Stone cutters. o Skilled workers and unskilled laborers. Chartres Cathedral. Built between c. 1145 and 1260. Generation after generation built the cathedral. o Elements of Gothic architecture Fluting buttress (exterior). Stone supports on the exterior of the cathedral that carried the weight of the tall building. Made for tall cathedrals. Able to build thing walls. Pointed arch (interior). Remotely in gothic cathedrals. Represented as hands praying. Ribbed vaulting (interior). High ceilings. Stainedglass windows. The thing that most people remember about experiences visiting cathedrals. Depict biblical stories in the windows. o The Annunciation. Instructive components. Crusades. o The First Crusade: 10961099. o Motives: Adventure. Fame, glory, riches. Land. Religious experience. o 1095. Pope Urban II made a speech in Clermont, France called for a Crusade to recover the holy city of Jerusalem from the Muslim Seljuq Turks Crusaders’ motives for participation. Turks had invaded Christian land, destroyed churches and captured and killed many Christians. 2/1/16: Medieval Religion o “Let those who have been accustomed to wage unjust private warfare against the faithful now go against the infidels and end with victory this war which should have begun long ago. Let those for a long time have been robbers now become knights. Let those who have been fighting against their brothers and relatives now fight in a proper way against the barbarians.” o “All who de by the way, whether by land or by sea or in battle against the pagans, shall have immediate remission of sins. That I grant them through the power of God with which I am invested.” o 1099. Capture of Jerusalem (temporary). o 1270. Last Crusade.
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