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Solubility Notes

by: Jacob Edwards

Solubility Notes 1020

Marketplace > Clemson University > Chemistry > 1020 > Solubility Notes
Jacob Edwards
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

These are the notes on solubility
General Chemistry
Hickman, Thomas D
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacob Edwards on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1020 at Clemson University taught by Hickman, Thomas D in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see General Chemistry in Chemistry at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Solubility Solutions-  Solution=solute+solvent o Solute- is dissolved o Solvent- Does dissolving  “Like dissolve Like’  Solutes will dissolve in solvents that have same intermolecular forces o If ΔH-TΔS is (-) then a homogeneous solution forms o The ΔS in forming a solution is always positive o If solutionsolute solvents exothermic o If solutionsolute solvents endothermic o If two materials are almost the same (similar IMF’s) then ΔH solution Factors affecting solubility Gases dissolved in liquids will increase solubility as the pressure of the gas (S) increase Henry’s Law: The solubility of a gas is equal to a constant times the pressure of a gas S=K PH gas  Temperature plays an important role in solubility o As temperature increases the solubility of liquids and solids in water usually increase Colligative Properties  Solution=volatile solvent+nonvolatile solute  Entropy driven therefore it depends on number of particles  An ionic salt will dissociate and will form electrolytes when dissolved in water  A nonvolatile solute has a Vapor pressure of 0  A higher volatility means there will be a higher vapor pressure  Vapor Pressure- the pressure exerted by the gas phase particles once equilibrium is reached with a liquid  Equilibrium occurs when rate of vaporization is equal to the rate of condensation  VP increases as… o Temperature increases o Intermolecular forces decrease  External pressure and surface area do not affect Vapor Pressure  Boiling point- the temperature when the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the external pressure  Pressure affects the whole system not just the surface VPsolutionole Fraction) solvent solvent molessolvent Mole Fractionsolvent molessolvent+i(molessolvent) I=Vant Hoff Factor


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