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Sociology 2010, Week 4 Notes

by: Hannah Stephens

Sociology 2010, Week 4 Notes Soc 2010-011

Marketplace > Clemson University > Sociology > Soc 2010-011 > Sociology 2010 Week 4 Notes
Hannah Stephens

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About this Document

These notes cover what we went over in class.
Intro to Sociology
Jennifer L. Holland
Class Notes
Intro to sociology, Clemson University, Sociology 2010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Stephens on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010-011 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer L. Holland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Socialization   • Nature  vs.  Nurture   o Study  of  twins,  institutionalized  children   • Twins   o Identical—expected  to  be  more  similar   ▯ Genetically  more  similar   ▯ More  similar  with  their  mannerisms  and  relationships   • Study  of  twins  separated  birth—Jack  &  Oscar   • One  raised  with  mom,  who  was  Catholic  in   Poland.    Other  raised  by  father,  who  was  Jew  in   the  Caribbean.   • Both  had  similar  jobs  and  relationship  patterns     • Abilities  closely  tied  to  genetics   • Ferrell  Children   o Not  very  many  but  do  exist   o 1  Scientifically  Recorded—Victor  in  France   ▯ Ate  rabbits  raw,  no  sense  of  cold—Raised  by  wolves   o At  least  50  recorded  in  our  modern  day  era   o Language—Very  affected!!   ▯ Critical  Period  Hypothesis—Only  have  a  certain   period  of  time  to  learn  and  develop  language   o Social  Interaction   ▯ Also  very  evident  in  institutionalized  children   ▯ Lack  of  stimulation—Cognitive,  emotional,  physical   ▯ Many  ended  up  mentally  retarded—Maybe  born  that   way   ▯ However,  not  born  that  way—Result  of  environment!!   ▯ Basic  needs  met   o Anna  &  Isabelle   ▯ Anna—Mom  had  learning  disabilities;  never  had  a   stable  home   ▯ Isabelle—More  stimulation,  her  mom  did  live  with   her  and  bonded  with  her   o Takeaway:    It’s  society  that  makes  us  human     ▯ Language,  bonding,  culture—Need  other  people  to   learn  this   ▯ Need  to  be  able  to  learn  in  society  and  be  conforming   members  in  society     • Cooley’s  Looking  Glass  Self   o We  imagine  in  our  heads  how  we  look  to  others  and  their   reaction  to  us   ▯ Through  this,  we  form  a  self-­‐concept   o We  are  not  good  at  knowing  how  others  perceive  us   ▯ i.e.  men  tend  to  over  estimate  their  IQ  while  women   tend  to  underestimate  it   • Mead  &  Taking  the  Role  of  the  Other   o Role  of  Other—Putting  yourself  in  someone  else’s  shoes   ▯ Imitate  significant  others—Starting  with  parents  then   move  onto  people  we  want  to  be  like   ▯ Ability  to  play  games—An  important  aspect  to   conform  to  society   • When  playing  sports  important  to  put  yourself   in  mind  of  competitor  to  figure  out  how  they   will  react   o Psychopaths—Inability  to  put  themselves  in  others’  shoes   and  feel  no  empathy   • Socialization  and  Emotions   o Natural  Emotions—i.e.  crying   o Learned   ▯ Guys—Don’t  show  them,  “be  a  man,”  don’t  cry     ▯ Girls—“fake  it,”  don’t  get  angry   ▯ Only  certain  emotions  are  appropriate   o Paul  Egram   ▯ Studied  different  cultures  and  facial  expressions   limited  to  6  emotions   • Natural  Emotions   ▯ Some  cultures  more  reserved  than  others   o Gender  Socializations   ▯ Some  emotions  strongly  genetically  influenced   o Agents  of  Socialization   ▯ Our  peer   ▯ Parents,  families   ▯ Teachers   ▯ Mentors   ▯ Community  where  you  grow  up   o Re-­‐socialization   ▯ Time  management     ▯ Cooking   ▯ Budgeting     Childhood,  Adolescence,  &  Transitional  Adulthood     • Children  and  Childhood  viewed  different   o Biologically  different   o At  puberty,  however,  you’re  basically  an  adult     ▯ Used  to  be  normal  to  marry  at  14-­‐15   ▯ Now  extended  time  for  adolescence  to  allow  for  more   education   o Transitional  Adulthood   ▯ Now  takes  longer  to  grow  up   ▯ Before  to  “be  an  adult”  meant  to  have  a  family  and   kids   ▯ Now  requires  graduating  from  college,  having  a  job,   financially  independent   ▯ The  Middle  &  Older  Years        


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