Sociology 2010, Week 4 Notes
Sociology 2010, Week 4 Notes Soc 2010-011
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Stephens on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010-011 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer L. Holland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Socialization • Nature vs. Nurture o Study of twins, institutionalized children • Twins o Identical—expected to be more similar ▯ Genetically more similar ▯ More similar with their mannerisms and relationships • Study of twins separated birth—Jack & Oscar • One raised with mom, who was Catholic in Poland. Other raised by father, who was Jew in the Caribbean. • Both had similar jobs and relationship patterns • Abilities closely tied to genetics • Ferrell Children o Not very many but do exist o 1 Scientifically Recorded—Victor in France ▯ Ate rabbits raw, no sense of cold—Raised by wolves o At least 50 recorded in our modern day era o Language—Very affected!! ▯ Critical Period Hypothesis—Only have a certain period of time to learn and develop language o Social Interaction ▯ Also very evident in institutionalized children ▯ Lack of stimulation—Cognitive, emotional, physical ▯ Many ended up mentally retarded—Maybe born that way ▯ However, not born that way—Result of environment!! ▯ Basic needs met o Anna & Isabelle ▯ Anna—Mom had learning disabilities; never had a stable home ▯ Isabelle—More stimulation, her mom did live with her and bonded with her o Takeaway: It’s society that makes us human ▯ Language, bonding, culture—Need other people to learn this ▯ Need to be able to learn in society and be conforming members in society • Cooley’s Looking Glass Self o We imagine in our heads how we look to others and their reaction to us ▯ Through this, we form a self-‐concept o We are not good at knowing how others perceive us ▯ i.e. men tend to over estimate their IQ while women tend to underestimate it • Mead & Taking the Role of the Other o Role of Other—Putting yourself in someone else’s shoes ▯ Imitate significant others—Starting with parents then move onto people we want to be like ▯ Ability to play games—An important aspect to conform to society • When playing sports important to put yourself in mind of competitor to figure out how they will react o Psychopaths—Inability to put themselves in others’ shoes and feel no empathy • Socialization and Emotions o Natural Emotions—i.e. crying o Learned ▯ Guys—Don’t show them, “be a man,” don’t cry ▯ Girls—“fake it,” don’t get angry ▯ Only certain emotions are appropriate o Paul Egram ▯ Studied different cultures and facial expressions limited to 6 emotions • Natural Emotions ▯ Some cultures more reserved than others o Gender Socializations ▯ Some emotions strongly genetically influenced o Agents of Socialization ▯ Our peer ▯ Parents, families ▯ Teachers ▯ Mentors ▯ Community where you grow up o Re-‐socialization ▯ Time management ▯ Cooking ▯ Budgeting Childhood, Adolescence, & Transitional Adulthood • Children and Childhood viewed different o Biologically different o At puberty, however, you’re basically an adult ▯ Used to be normal to marry at 14-‐15 ▯ Now extended time for adolescence to allow for more education o Transitional Adulthood ▯ Now takes longer to grow up ▯ Before to “be an adult” meant to have a family and kids ▯ Now requires graduating from college, having a job, financially independent ▯ The Middle & Older Years
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