Week 1- The Intersection of Psychology and Religion
Week 1- The Intersection of Psychology and Religion 47877
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivey Johnson on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 47877 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Elon Goldstein in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Religion in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
January 19, 2016 Class Lecture Notes The Intersection of Psychology and Religion I. LEVELS OF SELF a. If we identify with broader concepts, look deeper into meanings, and experiences, beyond sex, pleasure, entertainment, etc. then we begin to expand our identity of self. II. HIGHLIGHTS OF PSYCHOLOGY AND RELIGION a. WHT IS PSYCHOLOGY AND RELIGION? i. Psychology and religion both concern methods of exploring and transforming mind/heart/body/soul b. GEOGRAPHICAL INFLUENCE OF RELIGIONS i. In Asia, you have: Buddhism/ Hinduism/ Daoism meditation and bodily disciplines (yoga) 1. Hinduism- as a religion it encapsulates numerous strands of focus ii. In Western culture, you have: Greek and Roman, Jewish, Christian and Muslim methods of body/mind/heart exploration and transformation 1. Greek Influence a. Neo-Platonics: new followers of Plato (who live B.C.E) had many methods of meditation i. Early/First Christian church fathers grew up in Neo-Platonic methods, which they borrowed and applied to Christianity. The result was Christian Mysticism. This mysticism faded during the Protestant Reformation ii. Christian Mysticism: methods to immediately explore the conscience, uncover blockages in body, and by extension, uncover their soul III. TRADITIONS OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGIES a. Notable Figures i. William James- late 1800’s- early 1900’s; based in Harvard- wrote The Varieties of Human Religion, as a psychology and philosopher 1. What are his opinions a. James believed there were a variety of different religious experiences: people must discover which one, how it affected them. Ex: was the experience life changing? b. Approach things open-mindedly : study introspection, motives, be aware of self c. Did not necessarily buy into religious “awakenings” people allegedly experienced, but did not explain them away either. **This is how Goldstein wants us to approach ideas in class** January 19, 2016 Class Lecture Notes ii. Freud- many of his concepts have been revised, but his approach has held tightly in psychoanalysis. 1. What are his opinions? a. Had a reductionist view of religion b. Saw religion as a social system to keep in check primitive human impulse (from primitive unconscious level of being) c. Religion in society acts as a parental superego telling us what to do and not to do; keeping social order in tact d. “Explained away” significance of religious experiences by utilizing psychological concepts e. Ex. Of Freud’s reductionist views: Infantile wish Religion is Yearning for to return to infantile union w/ the safety of fulfillment ultimate mother iii. Carl Jung- a pupil of Freud who broke away from his teachings after encountering religious patients w/ religious experiences and his own experiences. Active in 1930’s – 1960’s. His type of psychology is referred to as analytic. iv. Leary, Alpert, and Huxley – personally and clinically experimented with mind-altering drugs (LSD). At the time, this was legal experimentation. Huxley and Alpert’s experience with drugs led them to agree drugs could reveal a higher potential of consciousness. IV. VERSIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY Transpersonal Psychology Positive Development Integral Psychology al Psychology Psychology Transpersonal psychology draws on all of these methods Positive Psychology- explores what’s right with people Developmental Psychology- adult and human development January 19, 2016 Class Lecture Notes Integral psychology (Ken Wilber)- bringing strands of psychology together
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