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History of Photography: Week 1

by: ChristopherMetallo

History of Photography: Week 1 CNPH 24000-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Film > CNPH 24000-01 > History of Photography Week 1
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About this Document

Focused on the men who created photography and the drama that surrounded them. Early history is supplemented by notes on more modern and contemporary photographers.
History of Photography
Rhonda Vanover
Class Notes
history, Photography, daguerreotype




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 77 views. For similar materials see History of Photography in Film at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Thursday, January 28, 2016 History Of Photography Week 1 - The invention of photography builds on experiment after experiment and is still changing. - Tech Developments • electric motor • opium wars in China • moon daguerreotypes are made • 1st portrait studios established in NY • method for toning daguerreotypes with gold to improve quality - Think about… • can we trust photos as accurate representations of the things they show? • if photography copies things, how can it be art? does art have anything to do with copying? - Clarity, idealism, precision, composition, naturalism, pictorials • go from a mimicking device to art form - Engravers and Etchers • One of the most common uses for visual representation before photography. Tried to copy it as it was seen and communicate the visual information - The Pantograph • mechanical device that shrinks or blows up an image. - Silhouettes Machine/ Shadow Portraits • capture the persons soul • used for middle class - Carol Walker • Does a lot of work with silhouettes 1 Thursday, January 28, 2016 • slavery is a nightmare that no one can escape • cut outs life size silhouettes - Camera Obscura • means darkroom • Large box with a lens that transferred light onto glass to be traced - Vermeer Camera lucida with camera obscura • - Who invented Photography? • Nicephore Niepce • Louis Daguerre • William Henry Fox Talbot - created paper negative - Goldberg Reading • Detailed how credit was going to be divided between the three inventors of photography. Only the 2 French people got credit because Nicephore died, though his son got his money. The money wasn’t evenly distributed. Daguerre ends up with the most credit. • Arago goes to parliament with the invention and tries to sell rights for the invention for lifetime of money. He is speaking for Daguerre (who had a supposed sore throat). • Daguerrotype - Good • sharp and clear - Bad • fades and can only make 1 copy • Aug 18 1839 - when its made official that this is photography 2 Thursday, January 28, 2016 - News spread quickly and people began making their own daguerrotypes and making it better - Niepce teamed up with Daguerre. Daguerre was to make a better camera obscura and Niepce created the scientific process for fixing. Daguerre didn’t hold up his end of the bargain. - Heliography • Created by Niepce • Sun writing View from the window at le gres 1827 • - used a camera obscura to capture this photo - Daguerre • Known for creating the daguerreotype and diorama • Boulevard du Temple, Paris 1838 - High Contrast - taken from high up - Bowmont Newhall • copied this daguerreotype and salvaged its details before it was harmed. - Chuck Close • Into photorealism Did some daguerreotypes • • prints huge • Naked body Photo - Not been altered - Faded on the edges - Artificial lighting - Genetalia - Feels aged and unfamiliar 3 Thursday, January 28, 2016 - Body looks weathered and vulnerable - Positioned as if on display - Cropped head and legs… not about the individual • Reactions to the invention of Photography - Hippolyte Bayard • French photographer developed his own process • • was upset because he claimed to have also created the process. • Self portrait of a Drowned Man 1840 - first artistic expression through photography - Something other than a mimicry of real life - Eugene Delacroix • John Herschel and his Photographic Specimens (John Travolta) - Blue portraits 4


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