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Phil 105, Week 1 Notes

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by: Katrina Japson

Phil 105, Week 1 Notes PHIL 105 - 01

Katrina Japson
Cal State Fullerton
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About this Document

These notes are from the first lecture of the semester 1/28. They describe critical thinkers and arguments.
Critical Thinking
Richard Vulich
Class Notes
philosophy, critical thinking




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1 review
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"If Katrina isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!"
Jessika Koelpin

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Japson on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 105 - 01 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Richard Vulich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in PHIL-Philosophy at California State University - Fullerton.

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Reviews for Phil 105, Week 1 Notes

Star Star Star Star Star

If Katrina isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!

-Jessika Koelpin


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Date Created: 01/29/16
PHIL 105 1/28  Critical thinker – only believes a claim if it is backed up by a valid argument o Never make a claim to another person unless they can produce/provide a good argument for claim o Not gullible, not easily manipulated o Wants to know that people have full knowledge of what they’re speaking about o Usually gain respect intellectually o Wants to believe what’s true o Ex. Bad critical thinker – difficult presenting arguments for things they believe, don’t have arguments, not going to insist on arguments from others, have no reason, easily mislead  Argument – given to establish that some claim is true by giving reasons in support of the claim/conclusion o Reasons = premises o Reasons  Inference then backs up conclusion o Purpose is to convince your claim is true o Premises above conclusion o At least one reason given for every argument  If there is no reason, it’s just a claim o Formal definition: A set of sentences where some premises are given in support of a conclusion  Truth – when a sentence or claim matches reality  Types of sentences o Interrogative – Questions, requests for information o Imperative – Commands or directives o Exclamation – Expression of feeling/surprise o Assertoric – Statements with a true value. Any sentence where you make a claim that’s either true or false (assertions)  Conclusion Indicator words – hence, therefore, in conclusion, thus, so, it follows that o Anything following these words will be the conclusion of the argument  Premise Indicator Words – since, because, due to the fact that o Anything following these words will be the premises/reasons of the argument  Argument vs. Descriptions


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