Phil 105, Week 1 Notes
Phil 105, Week 1 Notes PHIL 105 - 01
Cal State Fullerton
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Japson on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 105 - 01 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Richard Vulich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in PHIL-Philosophy at California State University - Fullerton.
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If Katrina isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 01/29/16
PHIL 105 1/28 Critical thinker – only believes a claim if it is backed up by a valid argument o Never make a claim to another person unless they can produce/provide a good argument for claim o Not gullible, not easily manipulated o Wants to know that people have full knowledge of what they’re speaking about o Usually gain respect intellectually o Wants to believe what’s true o Ex. Bad critical thinker – difficult presenting arguments for things they believe, don’t have arguments, not going to insist on arguments from others, have no reason, easily mislead Argument – given to establish that some claim is true by giving reasons in support of the claim/conclusion o Reasons = premises o Reasons Inference then backs up conclusion o Purpose is to convince your claim is true o Premises above conclusion o At least one reason given for every argument If there is no reason, it’s just a claim o Formal definition: A set of sentences where some premises are given in support of a conclusion Truth – when a sentence or claim matches reality Types of sentences o Interrogative – Questions, requests for information o Imperative – Commands or directives o Exclamation – Expression of feeling/surprise o Assertoric – Statements with a true value. Any sentence where you make a claim that’s either true or false (assertions) Conclusion Indicator words – hence, therefore, in conclusion, thus, so, it follows that o Anything following these words will be the conclusion of the argument Premise Indicator Words – since, because, due to the fact that o Anything following these words will be the premises/reasons of the argument Argument vs. Descriptions
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