Psy 251 Week 1-3 Notes
Psy 251 Week 1-3 Notes Psy 251
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Looney on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 251 at Western Illinois University taught by Mr. Eugene Mathes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Personality and Development in Psychlogy at Western Illinois University.
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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 01/29/16
Psychology 251 Personality and Development (1/21/16 – 2/1/16) Adjustment Able to adapt to changes. Able to get along in society. Successful. Law abiding. Flexibility. Conformity to norms. Free of psych. Disorder/ Teacher Definition: being able to adapt in order to survive and reproduce. Positive definition of Adjustment (Social Intelligence) Having traits that facilitate survival and reproduction. Negative definition of Adjustment (Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder) being free of traits that hinder survival and reproduction. Maslow Hierarchy of Needs: [Read from bottom to top] SelfActualization (making the world a better place) Esteem (selfconfident, positive personality) Belongingness Safety/Security Physiological Needs Included in Self Actualization stage are metavalves truth, beauty, justice. Lower needs that are more powerful than higher needs is known as prepotency. 9 Characteristics of a SelfActualization person: 1. Efficient in perceptions of reality. These people are able to detect fake and dishonest people. 2. (2 and 3 are tied together) Accept reality and self for what it is. Irrational demands such as requiring yourself to get straight A’s. 3. (Tied into the previous characteristic.) 4. Mystical Experiences (peak experience) Intense and complete happiness. Altered state of consciousness. Able to gain insight into reality. People who have mystical experiences believe: a. Ultimately things turn out for good. b. Polarities do not exist. c. Ultimate good can set up metavavles. Metavalves include: wholeness, perfection, completion, justice, aliveness, richness, simplicity, goodness, beauty, uniqueness, playfulness, and truth. 5. Spontaneous and Creative (unspoiled children). 6. Problem Centered vs EgoCentered. 7. Transcend Polarities. Human creations. Less judgmental. 8. Without Inner Conflict No regrets. 9. Not perfect. Humble. Erikson 1. Trust (1 year) – The person trusts others and becomes close to parents. Harlow conducted an experiment on monkeys food vs. warmth/love. 2. Economy (23 years) – Becomes independent, also becomes toilet trained. 3. Initiative (45 years) – Internalized social values, gains cooperation. Begins to follow rules/authority, learns to share, and learns about socialization. Most importantly, starts feeling guilty (“the most wonderful thing” according to Dr. Mathes). 4. Industry (Grade School) – Learn intellectual skills necessary for employment. 5. Identity (Adolescents) – The “who am I?” stage. Learns about their lifestyle, makes their own choices. Marcia: Diffuse: No search, No commitment. Foreclose: No search, but there is commitment. Moratorium: There is search, but no commitment. Achieved: There is both search and commitment. 6. Intimacy (young adult) – Marriage. Orlosky: a. Stereotype relationships are safe and follow the norms of society. (Such as going on a “Dinner and Movie” kind of date.) b. Preintimate – Relationships of trust, caring, and love. (On a first date you might ask about future career goals, kids, or possibilities of marriage.) c. Intimate – Commitment! Begin to plan lives together. To be continued…
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