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Anthro 162 Week 5 Lecture 1

by: Connor O'Malley

Anthro 162 Week 5 Lecture 1 Anthropology 162

Connor O'Malley
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In case you missed class today, or just need some good notes from Week 5 lecture 1, its all here!
Intro to Medical Anthropology
Dr. Sara Lewis
Class Notes
Anthro 162, medical anthropology




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Connor O'Malley on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 162 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Sara Lewis in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Intro to Medical Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 01/29/16
Week 5 lecture 1  Reminders  ­Assignment 3 due on Thursday: Defining Key terms  Midterm Info  ­ On class Monday, Feb 8  ­ No chances for makeup tests  ­ material from weeks 1­5  ­ 25 questions in total, multiple choice and short answer.  ­ All student submitted questions are posted on canvas, and more help can be  found on the discussion board.  ­ Gtfs will not supply direct answers; go to office hours if you need one on one help  with topics  This weeks topic: ​ Global Care. This week will focus largely on how knowledge of  medicine and treatments makes its way around the world.  ● NGO­ Non Governmental Organization  ○ These are non­profit and non­government organizations   ○ funded privately  ○ Roles of NGOs  ■ Protection­ relief to disaster victims  ● Humanitarian Medicine  ○ Help to bring medicine and aid to areas that need it  ○ often come after disasters or war  ○ may have religious backing, typically volunteer run.  ○ i.e. Red Cross type programs  ● Doctors Without Borders  ○ Also known as MSF ( medecins sans frontieres)  ○ founded in 1971  ○ Able to bring a rounded medical staff to anywhere in the world within 48  hours  ○ Their mission is solely to provide aid to those in need  ○ Claim a stance of strict political neutrality  ○ Have been critiqued for not fixing structural issues.   ■ they provide temporary relief, but don’t always address systematic  issues that lead to illness  ○ They choose exactly how they want to act  ■ they choose when to enter and when to leave  ■ This creates a slightly unstable relationship with political regimes  that are in place  ■ “minimalist biopolitics”­ ​ temporary provision of medical  administration in emergency circumstances, not meant to be  sustainable  ○ The bracelet of life  ■ Paper strip that goes around arms of young children under 5 to  evaluate their health  ○ MacGyver phenomenon  ■ doctors may try out experimental or improvised techniques and  then leave shortly after without followup  ■ acceptable only because the alternative is death without any  attempted intervention    ● In Class Documentary on HIV:  ● Discussion on Article  ○  Redfield, Peter. 2005. “Doctors, Borders and Life in Crisis.” ​Cultural  Anthropology ​20(3):328­361  ○ Ethic of Refusal­ MSF refuses to get involved politically. They respond to  medical concerns, but don’t attempt to intervene with societal structures.  Doctors without borders has said, “we don't want to put a foot in the local  hospital or we’ll be there ten years later.”  ○ Concept of “biopower”  ■ Michel Foucault came up with the term  ■ He noticed a shift in the 18th­19th century towards monitoring and  controlling the bodies that exist within a population  ■ things like hygiene, birth rates, etc became a public concern rather  than a private one  ■ biopolitics refers to how government deals with the bodies in their  population  ○ Redfield calls into question how politically neutral msf actually stays  ■ They were driven out of Ethiopia during the famine for accusing a  regime of corruption  ■ MSF once stated,” You can’t stop genocide with doctors” which is a  somewhat politically charged statement  ○ Paradox of Success  ■ The more success they have in temporary treatments, the more  difficult it becomes to leave the situation. (Thus they become  non­temporary)  ■ they are anti­institutional yet they won a nobel prize  ■ They insist that though they are there to provide aid, they are not  the final solution. They remain neutral in where they say the  solution is, but are adamant in saying it is elsewhere.  ○ Is the article a negative review of Doctors Without Borders? (MSF)  ■ The answer is complicated but all in all no.  ● Though the article does criticize aspects of the organization  it acknowledges the success of the organization  ● perhaps the “flaws” of MSF are what allows it to have its  success. 


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