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Weekly Notes/Essay

by: Rosalino Antunez

Weekly Notes/Essay SOC 1003

Rosalino Antunez
Arkansas Tech University
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About this Document

It's an essay of notes talking about culture in society.
Introduction to Sociology
Dr. Chapman
Class Notes
sociology, notes, Essay, Culture




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rosalino Antunez on Friday January 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Chapman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Social Sciences at Arkansas Tech University.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Sociology Culture Notes/Essay for week. Culture is a concept that is better when seen in person than explained. If you see someone or visit a different country, you immediately notice a difference in language, norms, behaviors, and these things are what make up culture. The two distinct types of culture are material culture and symbolic culture. Material culture refers to things like buildings, weapons, art, and jewelry. The things you can clearly distinguish and can provide a sharp contrast to what you are used to if you aren't familiar. Symbolic culture also known as non-material, is deeper and involves beliefs, values, and norms. Basic patterns of behavior and forms of interactions. Non material culture is what is acceptable in a society and the type of customs different places have. Culture is something that is hardly noticed and often taken for granted but is hugely important to every aspect of a society and its people. Culture becomes deeply ingrained into people that it provides a lens that is used to perceive what is going on. Culture can be challenged and lead to culture shock or the disorientation that occurs when someone comes in contact with a different culture. Culture also makes all people ethnocentric and this causes us to use our own groups way of thinking to judge others but this can lead to negative things like discrimination, since our culture becomes the right way of doing things. Symbolic culture has many components that people attach meaning too. Gestures are body movements that communicate and convey messages to others and the same gesture can vary greatly from culture to culture, so this can lead to misunderstandings. Language is the primary way to communicate and are symbols that can be combined in an infinite number of ways to communicate and also pass down ideas and attitudes. Culture and language allow each other to develop. Every culture has values, what is desirable in life, and this leads to norms, expectations developed from values. Cultures also have sanctions which are reactions from following or breaking norms. Finally, cultures can develop subcultures and countercultures. Subcultures are within a dominant culture but have different values that set them apart. Countercultures are at completely opposite of the dominant culture and often assault core values of the dominant culture.


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