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Soc 1 week 5 lecture and discussion notes

by: Priscilla orellana

Soc 1 week 5 lecture and discussion notes Sociology 1

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Sociology > Sociology 1 > Soc 1 week 5 lecture and discussion notes
Priscilla orellana

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About this Document

These are the notes for Soc 1 O'Connell week 5 lectures as well as the week 5 discussion
Intro to Sociology
Chuck O'Connell
Class Notes
Soc 1, UCI, UC Irvine, Intro to sociology, Intro to Soc, O'Connell
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Priscilla orellana on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1 at University of California - Irvine taught by Chuck O'Connell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of California - Irvine.


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Date Created: 01/30/16
Lecture 9 Week 5 Monday 2/2 • Today: o Stratification § What? § Why? § How? What is stratification? • Stratification: social and economic inequalities. It is about individual differences in social honor/prestige • The functional model/the order model: inequality exists because it’s functional for society o For functionalists, prestige/social honor is distributed in society from high to low. How does stratification come about? • Functionalists will say there are 3 factors that determine your prestige (where you end up on the prestige scale: 1. Wealth (notice: did not say income): your assets, the property you hold. Especially if you have had it in your family for generations (more prestigious). Earning the money vs. winning it in the lottery is also more prestigious. 2. Occupational 3. Educational: depends on what school you went to, what level of degree, if you completed it in a timely manner Why stratification? • Functionalists say: in our society we have different tasks that need to be completed in order to operate, not all the tasks are equal. Some require extra intelligence, great deal of motivation, extensive training, lots of responsibility. So you have to offer huge reward (prestige and wealth) for some jobs in order to motivate people to pursue these jobs. • However, some jobs required a lot of work but have no prestige, like farm work and sanitation. • Class conflict model: stratification is about the power of one group to exploit the labor of others o How does stratification come about? By monopolizing the means of production. “Means of production” means necessary to produce cell phones, food, clothing, shelter that we need to survive. o Why is there stratification? Why not? o Argues that the value of most things in the world is based on the value of the labor expended in creating the thing o People like George Washington exploited captive slaves in order to gain wealth • Example of exploitation after the abolition of slavery o Reconstruction, 1865-1877. Prior to 1865 in the American South there were slave masters and slaves. After abolition of slavery they no longer own people, but they still own the means of production aka the land, resources, and tools. Now become known as the “planters” or “planter class”. Freed men and women still know they don’t have the power to be truly free since the Civil War did not bring about land reform. o New system of white supremace terror against black people. Groups like Ku Klux Klan (KKK), the Red Shirts (red shirt signify they had murdered a black person). Job was to terrorize African Americans and keep them out of elections. African Americans fought back with weapons, organizations, efforts to be involved in electoral politics but in the end the white supremace planter class prevailed. Land reform was blocked, they still owned the land for agricultural production. o Became required to have a work contract for the planter class. If someone was not employed by some planter, they were arrested for vagrancy, wanderer who has no employment. Have to pay for jail time and cost of judge’s salary for the case, and 2 the sheriff’s wages. In order to pay this, they auctioned the person off to the highest bidder to perform forced work for the planter class. § Neo-slavery. Chattel slaves were emancipated, but they were just transformed into wage slaves. Week 5 Discussion 2/2 • Test questions: o Don’t focus too much on dates, more terms. Will ask questions about film, not specifics but broad topics. • Find definitions for these concepts o Social stratification o Social differentiation § What is a key difference? o Social class o Privilege o Prestige § What three factors are behind prestige? o Race o Ethnicity o Gender o Social-gender system o Patriarchy o Institutional discrimination • In conflict & order chapter 9, what makes social stratification/inequality “structural”? • What are the varying explanations of inequality by cla ss, race, and gender? Chapter 9 Conflict & order • In Ch. 8 of the reader, “Wealth and Want in the United States,” how is economic stratification happening in the chapter? Who benefits? Who loses? • In Ch. 24 of the reader, “Why socialism?” According to Einstein, what is the crisis of the time? 3 • Contradictions in Society, Politics, and Economy o Political economy: refers to the regimes of politics or economic values that emerge primarily at the level of states or regional governance but also within smaller social groups and social networks. § Focuses on the relationship between society and economics § Political institutions influence and are influenced by the organization of both social and economic capital § Economical, social, and political institutions both pr oduce and rely on contradictions. o Is the US democracy or capitalism? Both, democracy = equality, capitalism = inequality Lecture 10 – Week 5 Thursday 2/4 • Class conflict model o Master class and slave class. Takes commodities, sells them and makes money. o Relationship between these classes was one of power . The power of one class to dominate the other comes from the dominant class owning the means of production. § When the civil war was over, African Americans had been emancipated but they knew they still didn’t have power since the means of production were not emancipated as well. § Use vagrancy laws and terrorist groups to further their power over the former slaves o Labor markets are racialized. Different markets for middle class, poor people, whites, African Americans, Latinos, Asians, men and women. These are not systems that are completely segregated, but when you get the data for the workers you find 4 that there are broad characteristics in which certain markets are dominated by certain demographics. § By gendering and racializing labor markets, employers are able to make better wage bargains for themselves. One of the effects of sexism is to create minority female workers that are poorer, who don’t have financial resources to go unemployed for any period of time. By creating poverty among certain populations, you make them exploitable. o Class structure of society, key terms: capitalists, workers, lenders, debtors, landlords, tenants § Capitalists: own means of production § Workers: people who don’t own means of p roduction, their work becomes capitalist property. Get wages from capitalists, § Lenders: give debtors loans § Debtors: pay back loan plus principal aka interest § Tenants: can’t own houses • Look at certain type of exploitation in class film: wage theft o Happens when bosses take away wages for hours the workers contractually earned. About $1.5 million are stolen yearly o No effective way of punishing bosses who steal wages . Many bosses are stealing from immigrants. When these immigrants organize and demand their wages, the bosses threaten to call ICE on them o In many states tipped workers have lower wages, such as $5/hr o Majority of minimum wage workers are women, and people of color. 5


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