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Intro to PHIL Notes week 01/25/16

by: Danielle Notetaker

Intro to PHIL Notes week 01/25/16 PHIL 10100-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > PHIL-Philosophy > PHIL 10100-01 > Intro to PHIL Notes week 01 25 16
Danielle Notetaker
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About this Document

Socratic Method, Allegory of the Cave, Examined vs. Unexamined
Intro to Philosophy
Prof Frederik Kauffman
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Notetaker on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 10100-01 at Ithaca College taught by Prof Frederik Kauffman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 01/30/16
Intro to Philosophy Notes Week of 01/25/16 Metaphysics­ the study of reality Epistemology­knowledge Subjective                           Objective     (I think I know)              doesn’t = (I know) (I believe that X is true) doesn’t = (X is true)  Ethics­ the study of right and wrong Philosophy= the love of wisdom Wisdom= grasping the importance of obvious truths that we tend to lose sight of. Understanding how to structure your life Socrates (469­399 BC)   Socratic Method= used to demonstrate what the truth of the matter is.  “Morality is defined by those in power.” Those who craft their own methods are powerful enough to craft their own methods of morality regarding what is right or wrong. The ones in power are generally sexist or racist.  Socrates challenged those in power by exploring and questioning  Socrates developed a means of getting to the truth by putting aside inadequate positions.  Sophists= teach debating skills, manipulating masses of people (Socrates had contempt  towards them)  Socrates in phonetically devoted to uncover the truth of the matter, NOT persuasion  Socrates  Unexamined life is not worth living  Valid Principles thought/action  Principles are already inside us (People in society pass down beliefs to generations)  Socratic Method Plato said it was insane that all people are equal. Socrates wants us to question what society  wants us to believe. Allegory of the Cave:  We think that what are seeing is real, but they are just shadows.  In order for a prisoner to be released, they must be dragged out in a forceful manner The prisoners that are left are more comfortable living among the shadows The “shadows=” the opinion makers in society (politicians, editorial writers, friends,  teachers, parents, priests) The role of the Socratic Method in “Allegory of the Cave,” is to drag you out of the cave  towards the truth.  Examined life= A life worth living Unexamined life= A life not worth living What does it mean to live an unexamined life? It means that you go your whole life not questioning the reasons of why people do things or why  things happen. It is just accepting what is lied in front of you and moving on.  What does it mean to live and examined life? This means that you don’t always accept the truth until you have questioned and examined the  reasons as to why it is true. 


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