Latino Art in the US - Week 1
Latino Art in the US - Week 1 ARTH 28700
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by sconsidine on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 28700 at Ithaca College taught by Professor Jennifer Jolly in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Latino Art in the US in Art History at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 01/30/16
January 25, 2016 1) What connects these very different ways of art? Do they all belong in one category? -Do images of authority belong with images of resistance? -Why do paintings of such different ideas belong together? -Is there a logical thread that binds them together? -Should different types of art be separated into different categories i.e., conceptual art, paintings, and performance art? -Link: all made by Latino artists 2) What do we mean when we say Latino? -Latino is a very broad term -includes Hispanic, Portuguese, Caribbean, Haitian, Dominican Republic -Spanish, French, Portuguese speaking -Chicano - variation on being a Mexican-American -political identity associated with resistance -associated with Civil Rights movement and being an activist -Hispanic - term of ofﬁcial forms in U.S. -racially most identiﬁed with Spain, used to describe the most in power -lost this meaning when Anglos took over -Latino is a term mostly used in the U.S. -sense of solidarity to many distinct groups -wide range of races, cultures, political views, etc. January 29, 2016 Immigration -Americans view immigration as a crisis because: -fear that immigrants are taking jobs -question of legality -fear of their “criminality” -Why are Latinos in the USA? -old Spanish territories are part of current United States -areas in Southwest: Texas, California, New Mexico, etc. -Florida -image of accusatory Aztec warrior -artist takes familiar American image in Uncle Sam and warps it -statement of “Who’s the illegal alien PILGRIM?” points out that all American citizens have been immigrants or are descendants of immigrants -Juan Gonzalez - Harvest of Empire -immigration occurs because: -at time it is encouraged by U.S. and immigrants are used as resources -ex. during wartime -U.S. intervention and occupation of other nations destabilizes political ﬁeld and economy - produces immigration due to terror caused by unrest -U.S. colonization -U.S. so called immigration crisis is self-inﬂicted -example: NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) -agreement banned tariffs in order to promote free trade -could move business easily, but not people -ended up resulting in a destabilization of the Mexican economy which led to immigration -underlying assumptions: -Americans do not understand their own relationship with Latin America -leads to a lot of fear -solutions: -U.S. needs to take more responsibility/accountability for hand in problems they cause that lead to immigration surges -need to start looking at immigrants as humans and not dehumanize them -people need to get educated -Samuel Huntington - Who Are We? -fear argument -invested in idea of a distinct American identity -basically equal to the Anglo-Protestant identity -immigrants do not make an effort to assimilate -fears 2 separate cultures within 1 country -to become part of the United States need to follow Anglo-Protestant American “Creed” to keep our identity -immigrants need to have patriotism/sacriﬁce -need to speak English -play by rules of people in power -need to assimilate -Mexican immigration problem -huge border proximity -no true assimilation -vey back and forth between two countries, maintain strong ties to family/ origin/culture -Mexican doesn’t ﬁt into American identity due to sheer size of immigration inﬂux -can lead to them becoming a dominant group in some areas -underlying assumptions: -negative connotation with non-Anglo Protestant culture -problem with bi-lingual people -maintain Mexican culture which means they cannot be American -cannot have appreciation/love for both at once -power and resistance will always be hand in hand -power structure: push to assimilate Latinos -resistance: Chicano art, against assimilation
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