Week #4 Notes
Week #4 Notes 24358
Popular in American Government and Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabel Sistachs on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 24358 at Northwestern University taught by Alvin Tillery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see American Government and Politics in Political Science at Northwestern University.
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If Isabel isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 01/30/16
New American Democracy (ch. 7, 8) ● interest groups: organizations or associations of people with common interests that participate in politics on behalf of their members ○ americans have tendency to form groups ■ increased government activity gave people more reasons to form groups ■ feeling of belonging ■ advances in communications made groups easier to form ○ single issue groups are narrowly focused on one issue only ■ pro life groups ● people join interest groups for social reasons, material gain, or purpose driven reasons ● free rider problem: people can enjoy benefits of group activity without bearing any of the costs ○ overcoming the free rider problem: coercion, social movements, increasing the perceived impact, selective benefits (available only to group members), patrons and political entrepreneurs ■ selective benefits: specific private goods that an organization provides only to its contributing members ● public vs. private goods ○ public: air, laws and policies ■ goods enjoyed simultaneously by a group as opposed to a private good that must be divided up to be shared; free rider problem is most severe when groups are committed to generating public goods ○ private: food in your pantry ● interest groups influence government by… ○ lobbying: interest group activities intended to influence directly the decisions that public officials make ○ grassroots lobbying: consists of attempts to influence elected officials indirectly through their constituents ● association puts pressure on constituents, which in turn put pressure on elected representatives ○ electioneering and PAC’s (political action committee): specialized organizations for raising and spending campaign funds ○ persuading the public ○ direct action: peaceful sit-ins, demonstrations, riots, rebellions ○ litigation: influencing government through the courts ● group/situational characteristics influence why groups use particular tactics ● wide disagreement about how influential interest groups are ● most americans participate indirectly in politics by joining interest groups ● pluralist account of the role of interest groups in american politics ○ special interests are better represented than general interests ○ the interest of the nation as a whole is not merely the sum of interests of the particular parts