New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CJ Week 3 Notes; 01/25, 01/27, 01/29

by: Courtney Small

CJ Week 3 Notes; 01/25, 01/27, 01/29 CJ 100

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Criminal Justice > CJ 100 > CJ Week 3 Notes 01 25 01 27 01 29
Courtney Small

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Week 3 notes of introduction to criminal justice. Covers the Ammendments
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Class Notes
Criminal Justice, intro
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Criminal Justice

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Small on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Similar to CJ 100 at UA

Popular in Criminal Justice


Reviews for CJ Week 3 Notes; 01/25, 01/27, 01/29


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/30/16
Tuesday,  January  26,  2016           11:00  AM       Categories  of  white  collar  crimes:         Insider  Trading     •   Trading  of  a  company's  stocks  or  other  securities  by  individuals  with  access  to   confidential  or  non-­‐public  information  about  the  company         Bribery     •   Corrupt  solicitation,  acceptance,  or  transfer  of  value  in  exchange  for  official  action     •   Must  prove  quid  pro  quo     o   Reciprocal  relationship;  "I  scratch  your  back;  you  scratch  my  back"       Credit  Card  Fraud     •   Form  of  identity  theft  that  involves  an  unauthorized  taking  of  another's  credit  card   information  for  the  purpose  of  charging  purchases  to  the  account     •   Two  main  types:  Application  fraud  and  account  takeover         Phone  Intel  Marketing  Fraud     •   Any  type  of  scheme  in  which  a  criminal  communicates  with  the  potential  victim  via  the   telephone     •   Obtain  info  from  victims  when  acting  like  a  legitimate  company,  fake  checks  tell  them   they  overpaid     •   "Phony"  fund-­‐raising:  targets  tragedies  and  natural  disasters     o   Usually  after  a  big  crisis  occurs     Cons     •   Nonexistent  home  electrical  or  plumbing  repairs     •   Fortune  tellers  who  persuade  people  to  bury  their  money  to  lift  the  "curse"   o   Negative  energy     •   Foreign  countries  to  transfer  money     o   Foreign  prince  or  princess  calling  that  you're  a  direct  descendant,  need  banking   account  info         White-­‐Collar  Crime  Today   •   Bernie  Madoff     o   Made  off  with  50-­‐billion  dollars;  on  Wall  street  for  50  years     o   Ponzi  scheme  components:     •   Has  to  seem  legitimate;  Returns  seemed  believable     •   Has  to  come  from  a  well  respected  and  trusted  individual     •   Collapse  eventually     o   Spends  150  years  in  federal  prison       •   MF  Global   o   Stood  for  'Man  Financial'   o   2  billion  dollars  of  client  money  was  lost;  dealt  with  commodities     •   (oil,  agricultural  front)   o   Also  dealt  with  industrial  farms     o   2  months  after  people  recommended  MF  global  for  being  the  best;  the  company   declared  bankruptcy     o   When  dealing  with  a  financial  institution,  you  have  business  accounts  with  what   they  invest  in  and  you  have  your  client  accounts.  You're  never  supposed  to  touch   your  client  accounts.     o   John  Corzine  said  he  had  no  clue  where  the  money  went     •   Enron           Wednesday,  January  27,  2016                                                        11:00  AM       The  Constitution                            -­‐The  Supreme  Law  of  the  US   -­‐The  first  three  articles  establish  the  separation  of  powers  (legislative,  executive,  judicial)     -­‐Concerns  over  a  centralized  power                             The  Bill  of  Rights                          -­‐First  10  amendments  to  our  constitution                          -­‐Designed  to  limit  the  power  of  the  federal  government  (federalism)   -­‐Protections  originally  applied  only  against  the  federal  government  (Barron  vs.  Baltimore)       First  Amendment   st                        -­‐1  Amendment  (“The  Great  Amendment”)                                                  -­‐Freedoms  of  religion,  press,  speech,  assembly,  and  petition   -­‐Guarantees  that  American  can  share  the  information  they  need  for  a  robust  public  debate  on   issues,  and  to  act  on  these  issues     -­‐Categorized  as  Freedom  of  Expression           How  the  first  amendment  applies  to  CJ   “Trial  by  Media”  –  Sheppard  vs  Maxwell  –Supreme  Court  overturned  conviction  because  media   publicity  had  prevented  a  fair  trial  (1 -­‐  freedom  of  press  vs.  6  right  to  a  fair  trial)                            -­‐Freedom  of  Assembly  and  Petition-­‐  Large  protest  movements  (think  Occupy                                                  Wall  Street)   -­‐Internet,  instant  access  to  events  via  YouTube  –  SOPA  (Stop  online  piracy  act)       Second  Amendment-­‐                          -­‐Often  cited  as  the  “right  to  bear  arms”   -­‐  “A  well  regulated  militia,  being  necessary  to  the  security  of  a  free  state,  the  right  of  the  people   to  keep  and  bear  arms,  shall  not  be  infringed”     -­‐District  of  Columbia  vs.  Heller  (2008)-­‐  Second  Amendment  protects  an  individuals  right  to   possess  a  firearm  in  federal  enclaves.  (Previously  had  a  handgun  ban  in  homes).     -­‐McDonalds  vs.  Chicago  (2010)-­‐  Second  Amendment  applies  to  individual  states  under  the  due   th process  clause  of  the  14  amendment        Third  Amendment-­‐                          -­‐Quartering  Troops                          -­‐You  cannot  be  forced  to  have  soldiers  stay  in  your  home         Fourth  Amendment-­‐   “The  right  of  the  people  to  be  secure  in  their  persons,  houses,  papers,  and  effects,   against  unreasonable  searches  and  seizures,  shall  not  be  violated,  and  no  warrants  shall   issue,  but  upon  probably  cause,  supported  by  Oath  or  affirmation,  and  particularly  describing   the  place  to  be  searched,  and  the  persons  or  things  to  be  seized.”                          -­‐Our  rights  against  search  and  seizure                          -­‐Warrant-­‐  Written  court  order  instructing  that  a  certain  act  be  carried  out     -­‐Probably  Cause-­‐  Legal  justification  for  an  arrest,  search,  or  seizure,  based  on  sufficient  reason   to  think  a  crime  has  been  committed  “Reasonable  Conclusion”   -­‐Search  Warrants-­‐  Authorities  have  to  go  before  a  neutral  judge  or  magistrate  and  demonstrate   probable  cause   -­‐Exclusionary  Rule-­‐  Prohibits  courts  from  considering  illegally  obtained  evidence     th   5  Amendment-­‐   -­‐Protects  you  against  giving  evidence  against  yourself  via  confession,  (“take  the  fifth”).   Protection  against  self-­‐incrimination  (Miranda).   -­‐Double  jeopardy  doctrine  –prevents  authorities  from  trying  you  twice  for  the  same  crime     -­‐Guarantees  “due  process”  –constitutional  guarantee  of  fairness  and  that  one  will  be  given   notice  of  the  proceedings  and  an  opportunity  to  be  heard  before  the  govt.  and  acts  to  take   away  ones’  life,  liberty  and  property.           Friday,  January  29,  2016                                                                                                          11:00  AM       6th  Amendment   •   Guarantees  criminal  defendants  the  right  to  a  fair  trial     •   Ensures  that  defendants  are  brought  to  trial  soon  after  they  are  changed  ("speedy  trial")   •   Trials  are  held  in  public     •   Fair  and  impartial  jury       7th  Amendment     •   Specifically  dealing  with  civil  court     •   Right  to  a  jury  trial  in  civil  cases         8th  Amendment     •   Protection  against  excessive  bail     •   Protection  against  excessive  fines     •   Protection  against  cruel  and  unusual  punishments         9th  Amendment     •   Provide  flexibility  in  the  constitution     •   Just  because  a  particular  right  is  not  mentioned  does  not  mean  that  it  doesn't  apply     •   "Unremunerated  rights"   •   Right  to  privacy??       10th  Amendment     •   States'  rights  not  specifically  mentioned  in  the  constitution     •   "Essence  of  federalism"  (division  of  power  between  state  and  federal  governments)       Habeas  Corpus     1.   Habeas  Corpus     a.   "Fundamental  safeguard  for  individual  freedom  against  an  arbitrary   government"         14th  Amendment   •   Guarantees’  due  process  and  equal  protection     •   Due  process  clause     •   Equal  protection  clause         Bills  of  Attainder     2.   Bills  of  Attainder     a.   Legislative  act  declaring  someone  guilty  of  a  crime  and  imposing  punishment   absence  of  congress  prohibits  for  passing  attainder         Ex  Post  Facto  Laws     3.   Ex  Post  Facto  Laws     a.   Any  law  that  punishes  an  act  that  wasn't  criminal  when  committed         Scheck  vs.  United  States  (1919)   •   Established  the  "clear  and  present  danger  test"  test     •   Falsely  shouting  fire  in  theatre     •   Limits  of  free  speech         Brandenburg  v.  Ohio  (1969)     •   Government  can'  t  punish  inflammatory  speech  unless  that  speech  is  directed  to   inciting,  and  is  likely  to  incite,  imminent  lawless  action.  (ex.  Riot)       The  Brandenburg  test   1.   Intent     2.   Imminence     3.   Likelihood            


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.