intro to human biology
intro to human biology Hum biol 102-0002
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kara barber on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hum biol 102-0002 at University of Wisconsin Green Bay taught by james marker in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Biology in Biology at University of Wisconsin Green Bay.
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Date Created: 01/30/16
Human BiologyWeek 1 1 De ning life criteria for distinguished living vs nonliving entities QWWPOWP n 2 How are humans unique A Bipedal Cellular organization Chemical Composition Homeostasis Composed of cells Organic or Carbon containing chemicals Metabolism Require energy Irritability Responsibilities Reproduction Generate quotoffspringquot Evolution Adaptability Maintain a life sustaining environment 2 Pa rts 1 Some things stay the same a Temperature b Oxygen PH 2 Some things change a Keeping things the same Oxygen levels Temp by changing other things LC 7 walk erect on two feet B Opposable thumb grip C Large brain D Complex language 3 History of Human Biology History of characterizing the nature andor function of the living organisms A B C Superstition Witchcraft Magic eg disease associated with evil spirits Philosophy Reasoning Pre Aristotle 384322 8C a 4 humors Religion Theology a Greeks b Christian c Jews d Native American e Scientology Science a Hippocrates 460370 BC Medicine began in Greece 1600 Rebirth of medicine 1628 Circulation of blood William Harvey 1846 Ether introduced as an Anesthetic Late 18005 Pasteur and Koch began systematic methods of studying Human Biology and Disease 18901900 XRay Antibiotics Chemotherapy Circa 2000 Transplants Gene Therapy Cloning Where are we in the continuum of knowledge Bacteria Virus Prion May be on te t What is Science Science based on information A way of knowing V Religion based on authority 1 The Scienti c Method Systematic process of enqu y a Identify problem or ask a question b Obtain information and generalize about the problem i Taking information involves inductive reasoning c Formulate a speci c hypothesis involves i Deductive reasoning d Test the hypothesis via experimentation andor observation e Formulate conclusions f Re ne problem question and start over again 2 7ype5 of research a Descriptive Research observation andor categorization b Correlative Research determining a relationship between 2 or more parameters Warning Correlation does not establish cause and effect c Experimental Research testing effect of that one variable has on another establishing a cause and effect relationship d Two general categories of research Basic Applied 1 Fundamental 1 Practical 2 Contributes to science 2 Problem oriented 3 Figuring out how it works 3 Contributes to society 4 Curiosity 4 Figuring out how to work it 5Statistical analysis in research What is it good for A Determining if ndings are Meaningful Signi cant Causative a Example Difference in Acne breakouts between 2 groups related to use in soaps B Statistics quantify the probability of the magnitude of the difference between groups a Statistics involve mathematical determination of the probability of a certain difference occurring 6 Validity Factors How does one know the quottruthquot about something Be a healthy skeptic What is the evidence Anything beyond a testimony Were proper research methods followed VALUE of Peered Review Is there potential bias in the research or interpretation of the research Is the interpretation valid Separate fact from conclusion Know science has limitations WEEK 1 QUIZ NOTES Dos and Don39ts Dos Gather information or evidence from reliable sources 0 Look for facts that can be checked independently and for signs of obvious bias such as paid testimonials Separate facts from opinions Don39ts Rely on hearsay Confuse cause with correlation Scienti c Theory Explanation of a broad range of related natural events and observations that is based on repeated careful testing of hypothesis Lyme disease Caused by Borrelia Burgdorferi bacteria from ticks EncephaHUs Caused by West Nile virus
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