Rely 112 Notes
Rely 112 Notes RELN 112 - (Timothy Ledna, Survey of world religions)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stacey Boateng on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELN 112 - (Timothy Ledna, Survey of world religions) at Radford University taught by Timothy Ledna in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Survey of World Religions in Religious Studies at Radford University.
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Date Created: 01/30/16
Introduction to religious studies: 1127 is when the first academic religious text was written by a Muslim scholar. It was his attempt to summarize the religious traditions. Max Muller was the first professor of comparative religion (oxford). His first text was called the introduction to the science of religion. In 1873 true science had to do with testing and proving hypothesis and categorizing. Hinduism is actually a western terminology, no Indian calls themselves a Hindu (except to make westerners feel better). There is no preference to a label. Comparative study of religion may also be known as the history of religion, sociology of religion or philosophy of religion. They all highlight that religion is truly interdisciplinary. Religious studies: the academic, scholarly and secular studies or religious beliefs, behaviors and institutions. It describes, compares, interprets and explains religion emphasizing historically based cross cultural perspectives. Theology: described as faith seeking understanding by Saint Anselm. Richard Hooker defined theology as the science of things divine. Although theology is also scholarly, in most contexts a distinction is made between theology and religious studies. Theology is seen as involving some level of commitment to the truth of the religious tradition being studied -Religion is complex and hard to define because not everyone has a faith, some people identify with being spiritual but not religious meaning they do not identify with any one particular religious’ tradition. -Religion is connected to culture: Hispanics- catholic; Africans- Christian or Muslim. -Religion can have positive and negative influences to society. Mary Pat Fisher: Religion is described as a formalized response to an invisible reality as shaped by a particular tradition -Miroslav Volt: Faith is not a set of propositions that one believes, but can’t prove or simply an awe response to the unknown. Rather faiths are an enduring way of life and a way of orienting oneself in the one world constructing reality as a whole and conceiving what is the good or proper life. Lawrence Cunningham: Religion is described as a notion of sacred reality made manifest in human experience in such a way as to produce long lasting ways of thinking, feeling and acting with respect to problems of ordering and understanding existence. Rudolf Otto: Religion is based essentially in spontaneous experience of being grasped by reality. Why are there religions? Materialistic perspective: humans invented them Functionalist perspective: religion is useful… the first human institution is family, the second is government and the third is a social gathering of like minded individuals (Reln). Faith perspective: ultimate reality exists beyond everyday senses Revelation perspective: God or gods have made themselves known, the cornerstone of religion: God revealed himself to Moses in a burning bush.
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