SPT 265 CH 2 Notes
SPT 265 CH 2 Notes SPT 265
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Popular in Governance and Organization in Sport
Popular in Physical Education
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by marysinnott on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPT 265 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr Cebula in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Governance and Organization in Sport in Physical Education at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 01/30/16
Chapter 2 Defining Organization** - An administrative and functional structure; the personnel of such a structure - Chelladuri defines as: Mechanisms for the exchange of products - Four elements of organization o More than 1 person is needed o Members’ contributions are specialized Place people in a designated group based on their specialties o The specialized functions are coordinated People who specialize in a certain area work specifically for that area o A common end goal is being sought - Attributes of an organization o Identity – must have a name Ex: Kutztown University or Kutztown Golden Bears o Program of activity – a set of goals to be reached o Membership – organization decides who can join o Clear boundaries – can easily verify who is part of the organization o Permanency – organization is permanent, the members change o Division of labor – labor work is divided among the people there Ex: o Hierarchy of Authority – tells who reports to who o Formal rules/procedures – written documents of regulations of organization o Instrumentality – program cannot be done by 1 person Everybody needs to be working together toward organization goals - Sport Organization: sport entity involved in the sport industry; that is goal- directed with a consciously structured activity system and relatively identifiable boundary o Social entity – social interaction to meet goals o Involved in sports industry – sponsorships - Athletic teams as organizations o Attributes (athletic teams vs departments/CVS) Constant roster size : amount of players remain, amount of employees vary Codification of activities Record of performance o Views of athletes as members Clients/beneficiaries Employees - Criteria for classifying a sport o Profit orientation: is the purpose of the organization to make a profit Profit – purpose is to make money even if they don’t Non-profit – purpose is to ‘break even’ even if money is made o Sources of funding: where is the organization getting their funding from Private sector – depends on the private individuals or capital investments for operation of survival Public sector – funded by tax dollars at the national, state or municipal (local) level Third sector – receives financial support from the public sector but is being run by a private organization o Prime beneficiary: who is the primary group that is benefitting from the organization Mutual benefit association – members are the prime beneficiaries Ex: country club Business concern – owners and managers are the prime beneficiaries Service organization – when clients or public-in-contact are the prime beneficiaries Ex: homeless shelters, the American Red Cross Commonweal organizations – public-at-large are prime beneficiaries Ex: prison, hospital o Employee-Customer Interface: type of interaction that occurs between a customer and the employee Maintenance-interactive – information is limited and decisions are simple Task-interactive – the employee has more power than the customer, who knows what they want but don’t know how to get it Personal-interactive – customers are unaware about what will be best to serve their interest and how to go about handling the situation o Volunteer Participation: is it a voluntary association Seek non-market solutions to a particular individual or group problems Maintain formal criteria for membership on a voluntary basis May employ people under authority of organizational leaders Provide formally democratic procedures to involve members in policy decisions All members are able to vote on policies or procedures
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