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KIN 461 Week 1 Notes

by: Tanski Notetaker

KIN 461 Week 1 Notes KIN 461-401

Tanski Notetaker
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Hey! Here are the first week of notes for Principles of Motor Learning. I hope you find them helpful!
Principles of Motor Learning
Dr. Peterson
Class Notes
KIN 461 Principles of Motor Learning Kinesiology




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tanski Notetaker on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 461-401 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Dr. Peterson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Principles of Motor Learning in Kinesiology at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.


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Date Created: 01/30/16
Week 1 Notes 1 An Introduction to Movement  Sensory systems: provide an internal representation of the outside world o Transform physical energy into neural signals  Motor systems translate neural signals into contractile force in muscles in order to  produce movements The Psychophysics of Movement  Motor processing begins w/ an internal representation/an image of the desired result of  movement  Motor equivalence: the same result can be accomplished in different ways by the motor  system o Example: writing a sentence with left hand, right hand or feet will still produce  the same sentence, even if it looks different  Sensory processing: involves analyzing physical events in the external world into  elemental properties and assembling these sensory elements into coherent perceptions  Motor processing constructs behaviors or motor acts by assembling and coordinating  elementary motor components  Look at organization of perception in terms of 4 attributes of a stimulus: o Quality (or modality_ o Intensity o Location o Duration  Intensity is signaled by the rate of firing individual motor neurons and the recruitment of  motor neurons Motor Systems Generate 3 Types of Movement  Reflex Responses (e.g. knee jerk or swallowing) o Simplest motor behaviors o Rapid, stereotyped involuntary responses o Controlled by the eliciting stimulus  Rhythmic Motor Patterns (e.g. walking, running, chewing) o Combine features of voluntary and reflex acts o Only initiation and termination are voluntary o Once initiated, relatively stereotyped and repetitive  CPGs (central pattern generators: networks of motor neurons) in  locomotion  Voluntary Movements (e.g. driving a car or play the piano) o Most complex o Purposeful (goal directed) o Learned – less conscious with practice Week 1 Notes 2 Motor Systems 4 Tasks  Controlling contraction of individual muscles  Convey commands to many muscle groups  Take into account the distribution of body mass and plan postural adjustments  Take into account the motor plant; mechanical properties of muscles, bones and joints o Adjust commands to compensate for inertia of limbs and the mechanical  arrangement of the muscles, bones and joint prior to the movement


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