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Microbiology chapter 1 notes.

by: Ashlee Wilson

Microbiology chapter 1 notes. Biol 1230

Marketplace > University of Memphis > Biology > Biol 1230 > Microbiology chapter 1 notes
Ashlee Wilson
University of Memphis
GPA 3.3
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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 1.
King-Thom Chung
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlee Wilson on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biol 1230 at University of Memphis taught by King-Thom Chung in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Microbiology in Biology at University of Memphis.


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Date Created: 01/30/16
Microbiology Chapter 1 Why Study Microbiology? • 90% most knowledge you learn from microorganisms. • food- causes decay in food. Refrigerator helps stop this. • Some serve as food for us ex. Mushrooms. • We depend on microorganisms to digest our food. • Antibiotics are produced by microorganisms. • Pathogenicity ~ refers to the ability of an organism to cause disease Microbe Types • Algae is usually a green plant. • Fungi means plural. • Fungus are very dangerous. • Produce in spores. • Viruses attack bacteria and are called bacteriophage. • You can never see it, but they are always there!!!!! • Not many doctors know how to handle tape worms. • Usual present in poor rural areas. Microbiology Settings  Public Health is very important when studying and doing experiments.  Everything must be cleaned and neatly put away every time!! Microbiology History • Plague is a disease causing large number of people to die. • 1/3-1/2 of the human population to die in 1 month!!! • 1347-1350 started in Italy • Bubonic plague transmitted by organism called Yersinia plats in rats. Germ Theory vs. Spontaneous Generation • Anthrax is where the disease comes from the human and spreads to the animal. • Zoonosis is when human and animal share the same disease. • Germ causes disease!!! • What is the contribution of Pasteur?? - Minimized the spread of disease in hospitals, rabies vaccinations, and developed pasteurization. Understanding Disease • Koch- father of medical microbiology. • What are Koch contributions?? - Knowing the cause of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax. - Creation of Koch postulates. • Streptococcus • What are Lister’s contributions?? - Father of Antiseptic Surgery. - Made it safer for medical procedures. - Used carbolic acid to wash his hands before and father surgeries, clean his tools, and on patients wounds. • Vibrio Cholera? - Gram negative common shaped bacterium. - Usual habitat is in saltwater. • Sleeping sickness (African Trypanosomiasis)- whole country had this. • What are Semmelweiss contributions?? - Figured out that hand washing could extremely reduce women dying after child birth. - Became known as the Savior of the Mothers. • Puerperal fever- bacterial infection after woman gives birth or has a miscarriage. Transmitted by doctor’s hands!!! Special Fields of Study • Edward Jenner- cow vaccination. • Chicken Cholera is big in France! • Elie Metchnikoff discovered Phagocytosis!! • Martinus W. Beijerinick- never studied human disease. • Walter Reed: Yellow Fever was found in the Panama Canal. • Mosquitos can transmit Yellow Fever & Malaria • Chemotherapy- treatment of infectious diseases with antimicrobial agents. • What were Paul Ehrlich’s contributions? - Invented Gram Staining & discovered first medical treatment for Syphilis. • Prontosil’s name is Sulfure drug • Sulfure Drug is still in use today - Another use for it is against intestinal infection! • What are Alexander Fleming’s contributions? - Discovered penicillin,


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