Notes from 1/25-1/29
Notes from 1/25-1/29 PSY 240
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Notetaker on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 240 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Barry Zwibelman in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 01/30/16
PSY240 Notes 1/29 Clinical Assessment: (a system evaluation of various factors in a person presenting with a possible disorder, to determine if the person has a disorder and, if so, what is/are the disorder(s).) Differential diagnosis: o The process of determining the specific disorder when the diagnosis is not readily apparent Ex) flow chart (ruling out options) Comorbidity o The presence of two or more disorders in an individual at the same time Ex) >> 60% of individuals with schizophrenia also have depression Subclinical or sub-threshold o Presence of symptoms that are often found with disorders… o …But to a lesser degree so a diagnosis label is not used Prevalence – how many people in a particular population have the disorder (one year vs. lifetime) including gender differences Incidence – how many new cases of a disorder appear in a particular population during a specific time period Prognosis o Predicted pattern/path of development of a disorder over time (looking forward rather than backward) Ex) depression will subside, schizophrenia has low rate of recovery Etiology o The study of how a disorder begins o All the factors that contribute to its development: Biological, psychological, social o Sometimes parents interviewed How Shall We Classify Abnormal Behavior? 3 Ways: 1. Categorical – classifies sets of symptoms into disorders a. Ex) anorexia nervosa has a list of characteristics i. If individual meets the behaviors/thoughts/feelings of the disorder they most likely have it (indicative) ii. All-or-none: symptom is either present or absent (not mild to severe) 2. Dimensional – symptoms occur on a continuum (such as mild to severe) rather than present/absent. PSY240 Notes 1/29 a. “Clinically significant distress or impairment” 3. Prototypical Approach – identifies certain essential characteristics a. “Best example” b. Ex) a car always has four wheels, a steering wheel, etc. even though the features may vary c. Two persons with the same diagnosis can have different sets of symptoms, but they all have the same basic characteristics (match prototypes) d. Individuals diagnosed with the same disorder actually may share few common features e. Ex) DSM-5 criteria for acute stress disorder DSM-5 – all currently recognized psychological disorders, and criteria for each (approx. 400 disorders) Empirically based (overt behavior)
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